Pierre Laromiguière


Pierre Laromiguière

Pierre Laromiguière (November 3, 1756–August 12, 1837) was a French philosopher.

He was born at Livignac, and died in Paris. As professor of philosophy at the University of Toulouse, he was unsuccessful and incurred the displeasure of the French parliament by his thesis on the rights of property in connection with taxation. Subsequently he came to Paris, where he was appointed professor of logic in the École Normale and lectured in the Prytanée. In 1799 he was made a member of the Tribunate, and in 1833 of the Academy of Moral and Political Science. In 1793 he published "Projet d'éléments de métaphysique", a work characterized by lucidity and excellence of style. He wrote also two "Mémoires", read before the Institute, "Les Paradoxes de Condillac" (1805) and "Le cours de philosophie" (1815–1818).

Laromiguière's philosophy is a revolt against the extreme physiological psychology of the natural scientists, such as Cabanis. He distinguished between those psychological phenomena which can be traced directly to purely physical causes, and the actions of the soul which originate from within itself. Psychology was not for him a branch of physiology, nor on the other hand did he give to his theory an abstruse metaphysical basis. A pupil of Condillac and indebted for much of his ideology to Destutt de Tracy, he attached a fuller importance to "attention" as a psychic faculty. Attention provides the facts, Comparison groups and combines them, while Reason systematizes and explains. The soul is active in its choice, i.e. is endowed with freewill, and is, therefore, immortal.

For natural science as a method of discovery he had no respect. He held that its judgments are, at the best, statements of identity, and that its so-called discoveries are merely the reiteration, in a new form, of previous truisms. Laromiguière was not the first to develop these views; he owed much to Condillac, Destutt de Tracy and Cabanis. The accuracy of his language and the purity of his style gave his works great influence, especially over Armand Marrast, Louis Cardaillac and Victor Cousin. A lecture of his in the École Normale impressed Cousin so strongly that he at once devoted himself to the study of philosophy. Jouffroy and Hippolyte Taine agree in describing him as one of the great thinkers of the 19th century.

References

*1911
*Damiron, "Essai sur la Philosophie en France au XIX' siècle"
*Biran, "Examen des leçons de philosophie"
*Victor Cousin, "De Methodo siva de Analysis"
*Daunou, "Notice sur Laromiguière"
*H. Taine, "Les Philosophes classiques du XIX siècle"
*Gatien-Arnoult, "Etude sur Laromiguière"
*Gabriel Compayré, "Notice sur Laromiguière"
*Marin Ferraz, "Spiritualisme et Libéralisme"
*F. Picavet, "Les Idéologues".


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  • Pierre Laromiguière — Pierre Laromiguière, né à Livinhac le Haut (Aveyron) le 3 novembre 1756 et mort à Paris le 12 août 1837, est un philosophe français, membre du Tribunat, puis professeur de philosophie à la Sorbonne. Il s est choisi comme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Laromiguière — (* 3. November 1756 in Livignac, Frankreich; † 12. August 1837 in Paris) war ein französischer Philosoph. Leben Als Professor für Philosophie an der Universität Toulouse war er erfolglos und zog wegen seiner Thesen zum Schutz des Privateigentums… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laromiguière — Pierre Laromiguière (* 3. November 1756 in Livignac, Frankreich; † 12. August 1837 in Paris) war ein französischer Philosoph. Leben Als Professor für Philosophie an der Universität Toulouse war er erfolglos und zog wegen seiner Thesen zum Schutz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laromiguière — (spr. Laromigiähr), Pierre, geb. 1756 in Rouergue, wurde, nachdem er vorher mehrere Lehrstellen begleitet hatte, Professor der Philosophie an der Faculté de lettres in Paris, resignirte 1812 u. st. 1837. Er war Sensualist. Hauptschrift: Leçons de …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Laromiguière — (spr. migjǟr ), Pierre, franz. Philosoph, geb. 3. Nov. 1756 zu Levignac in Rouergue, gest. 12. Aug. 1837 in Paris, studierte im Collège von Villefranche, trat dann in die Kongregation der l ères de la doctrine chrétienne, wurde aber durch die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Laromiguière — (Laromigiähr), Pierre, geb. 1756 zu Levignac, Professor an der Faculté des lettres zu Paris, gest. 1837, empiristischer Philosoph. Vorlesungen, Par. 1815, 5. Aufl. 1833 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Laromiguière, Pierre — ▪ French philosopher born Nov. 3, 1756, Livignac, Fr. died Aug. 12, 1837, Paris       French philosopher who became famous for his thesis on the rights of property in connection with taxation, which he held to be arbitrary and therefore illegal.… …   Universalium

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  • Ларомигьер — (Pierre Laromiguière, 1756 1837) французский философ; примыкает к Кондильяку, но значительно видоизменяет его сенсуализм, выводя познание не из ощущений самих по себе, а из воздействия души на ощущения, что выражается, главным образом, в актах… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона


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