Chine-collé is a special technique in printmaking in which the image is transferred to a surface that is bonded to a heavier support in the printing process. One purpose is to allow the printmaker to print on a much more delicate surface, such as Japanese paper or linen, which pulls finer details off the plate. Another purpose is to provide a background colour behind the image that is different from the surrounding backing sheet.
The final image will depend on the design and ink color of the printed image, the color and opacity of the paper to which the image is directly printed (plus any inclusions such as petals or fibers in that paper), and the color of the backing sheet.
In the typical "direct print" method, the plate is inked, the thin paper (dampened) is placed on the inked plate and trimmed to size, paste is applied to the thin paper, and the ensemble (plate plus thin paper with paste) is placed on a dampened backing sheet. Then, this is run through a printing press. In the pressure of the press, the ink is transferred to the thin paper, and the thinner paper is simultaneously adhered to the backing paper. An advantage of this method is that the thin paper will be exactly the desired size, since it is trimmed to size and then quickly affixed in place.
In the typical "pre-pasted" method, the thin paper (dry) is trimmed to the size of the plate. Then, paste is applied and allowed to dry. When the printmaker is ready to print, the paper is dampened to activate the paste and placed, paste-side up, on an inked plate. Then, the ensemble (plate plus thin paper with paste) is placed on a dampened backing sheet and run through a press as described above. An advantage of the pre-pasted method is that once dried, the paste-applied papers can be stored indefinitely, just like a lick-and-stick postage stamp. A disadvantage of this method is that because the paper is trimmed dry, the artist must take into account how much in each direction the paper will expand when it is dampened prior to printing.
Some artists have moved away from precise trimming of a single sheet of paper to the size of the printing plate when using this method. For example, some experiment with pre-cut shapes for a collage effect. Or simlutaneously adhere multiple overlapping pieces of paper under the printed image.
A more traditional paper choice would be a fine paper made from gampi fiber. Some artists experiment with non-traditional papers, using such things as newspaper, ephemera, dress patterns, and book pages as the sheet to be printed on.
Chine-collé is sometimes mistakenly used to refer to any type of collage.
Chine-collé roughly translates from French, chine = tissue and collé meaning glue or paste. "Chine" because the thin paper traditionally used in the process was imported to Europe from China, India and/or Japan.
There is some variation in adhesives used for Chine-collé. Some artists are reported to use a dusting of flour right before pressing rather than paste. Some have tried using no adhesive at all, simply relying on the high pressure of the printing press and properties of the paper (fibers, sizing) to fuse the papers together similar to paper-making; however, this method may be variable and unreliable. More recently, some artists have turned to adhesives such as PVA glue or gel medium rather than paste.
In traditional paste-making for Chine-collé, wheat or rice starch is separated away from gluten and other things in wheat or rice flour. Then, pure starch is cooked with distilled water to form a congealed gel. Finally, the gel is passed through a fine sieve such as a piece of silk to form the paste. Starch-based pastes are considered archival and are sometimes used in other paper-based applications, such as book binding, book repair and collage.
- Shure, Brian (2000). Chine Colle: A Printer's Handbook. San Francisco; Crown Point Press ISBN 978-1891300158
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
chine collé — A technique in printmaking in which an impression is made on a surface at the same time as its opposite side is adhered to a heavier support in the procedure. This process permits printing onto such delicate materials as rice paper and linen,… … Glossary of Art Terms
CHINE (L’Empire du Milieu) - Arts — Les tendances esthétiques chinoises ordonnent les créations artistiques selon une hiérarchie profondément différente de celle de l’Occident: elles tiennent compte de leur lien plus ou moins direct avec l’esprit. L’écriture – et donc la… … Encyclopédie Universelle
CHINE (L’Empire du Milieu) - Littérature — Les origines de la littérature chinoise sont à peu près contemporaines de celles des deux autres littératures dont se nourrit encore la tradition du monde civilisé: celle de l’Inde et celle de l’Europe. Ici comme là, ces origines remontent à un… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Encre de Chine — L encre de Chine 墨 est un type d encre principalement utilisé pour l écriture orientale, le dessin et la peinture. Elle jouit d un prestige exceptionnel auprès de nombreuses personnes, qui mettent en avant son caractère indélébile et définitif,… … Wikipédia en Français
Encre De Chine — Dessin de Gunter Böhmer (1975) … Wikipédia en Français
Encre de chine — Dessin de Gunter Böhmer (1975) … Wikipédia en Français
Daniel Kelly (artist) — Selfish (2006), acrylic on sculpted panel covered with Nepalese paper and woven mat (self portrait) Daniel Kelly (born 1947, Idaho Falls, Idaho) is an American artist based in Kyoto, Japan. Works primarily consist of original paintings and prints … Wikipedia
Leopold Flameng — Léopold Flameng Pour les articles homonymes, voir Flameng. Leopold Flameng Nom de naissance Léopold Flameng Naissance 22 Novembre 1831 Bruxelles Décès 1911 … Wikipédia en Français
Léopold Flameng — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Flameng. Leopold Flameng Nom de naissance Léopold Flameng Naissance 22 novembre 1831 Bruxelles … Wikipédia en Français
Gustav Klimt — This article is about Gustav Klimt. For the 2006 Austrian biographical film, see Klimt (film). Gustav Klimt Photographic portrait from 1914 Birth name Gustav Klimt Born … Wikipedia