- Yuelu Academy
The Yuelu Academy (also as known as the "Yuelu Academy of Classical Learning", zh-stp|t=嶽麓書院|s=岳麓书院|p=Yuèlǔ Shūyuàn) is located on the east side of
Yuelu Mountainin Changsha, the capitalof Hunanprovince, China, on the west bank of the Xiang River.
It was founded in 976, the 9th year of the
Song Dynastyunder the reign of Emperor Kaibao, and was one of four most renowned Shuyuan (academies of higher learning).
The renowned Confucian scholars
Zhu Xiand Zhang Shiboth lectured at the academy.
In 1903 the academy became a
university, and in 1926 it was officially named Hunan University.
As one of the four most prestigious academies over the last 1000 years in China, Yuelu Academy has been a famous institution of higher learning as well as a centre of academic activities and cultures since it was formally set up in 976 (the
Northern Song Dynasty). The Academy, which has survived the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, was converted into Hunan Institute of Higher Learning in 1903. It was later renamed Hunan Normal College, Hunan Public Polytechnic School, and finally Hunan Universityin 1926.
The academy has witnessed more than a thousand years of history and is the only one of the ancient Chinese academies of Classical Learning to have evolved into a modern institution of higher learning. The historical transformation from Yuelu Academy to Hunan University can be seen as the epitome of the development of China's
higher education, a change which mirrors the vicissitudes of education system in mainland China. As a part of Hunan University, today the academy is a center of publication and research of the ancient Chinese language, and is one of the most important academic and cultural centers in China.
White Deer Grotto Academy
* [http://dm.hnu.net.cn/ Yuelu Academy (Bilingual)]
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