- Tetsu Katayama
Infobox Prime Minister
name = Tetsu Katayama
width = 150px
height = 150px
July 28, 1887
birth_place = flagicon|Japan Tanabe, Wakayama,
death_date = death date and age|1978|05|30|1887|07|28
office = 46th
Prime Minister of Japan
May 24, 1947
March 10, 1948.
Japan Socialist Party
Tetsu Katayama (片山 哲 "Katayama Tetsu",
July 28, 1887- May 30, 1978) was a Japanese politicianand the 46th Prime Minister from May 24 1947to March 10 1948.
He was born in Tanabe,
Wakayama Prefecture, and attended Tokyo Imperial University. Raised in the Christianfaith, he was strongly influenced by the Christian Socialismof Abe Iso. After graduating, he opened a law office in a rented YMCAdormitory, and worked as an attorney.
Early political life
Katayama joined the
Japan Socialist Partyand was elected to the House of Representatives, representing Kanagawa Prefecture, in 1930. He became known as a leader of the "social democratic wing" of the party, and joined Abe Isoand Nishio Suehiroin opposing the expulsion of Saitō Takao.
Prime Minister and later life
In 1945, Katayama became secretary general and committee chairman of the party. Following the 1947 elections, in which the Socialist Party came in first, Katayama formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party and the
Citizens' Cooperation Party. However, the influence of left-wing socialists such as Suzuki Mosaburoforced Katayama to resign early in his term.
After his resignation, Katayama became a member of the Democratic Socialist Party and advocated the maintenance of the pacifist constitution, election reform, and formation of a global commonwealth.
He bears the distinction of having been the first socialist, and first Christian, to serve as Prime Minister of Japan.
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