- Shigeru Yoshida
name = Shigeru Yoshida
caption =Prime Minister of Japan
september 22 1878
death_date =death date and age|1967|10|20|1878|09|22
death_place =Tokyo, Japan
Prime Minister of Japan
May 22 1946
May 24, 1947
office2 =48th, 49th, 50th, 51st
Prime Minister of Japan
October 15 1948
December 10 1954
party = Liberal
occupation = Cabinet Minister
nihongo|Shigeru Yoshida|吉田 茂|Yoshida Shigeru, KCVO
September 22, 1878– October 20, 1967, was a Japanese diplomatand politician who served as Prime Minister of Japanfrom 1946 to 1947 and from 1948 to 1954. His policies, emphasizing Japan's economic recovery and a reliance on United Statesmilitary protection at the expense of independence in foreign affairs, became known as the Yoshida Doctrineand shaped Japanese foreign policy during the Cold Warera and beyond.
Yoshida was born in
Yokosukanear Tokyo and educated at Tokyo Imperial University. He entered Japan's diplomatic corps in 1906 just after Japan's victory against Russiain the Russo-Japanese War. He was Japan's ambassador to Italyand the United Kingdomduring the 1930s and finally retired from his last appointment as ambassador to London in 1938. Throughout the 1930s and before the war ended in the early 1940s, Yoshida continued to participate in Japan's imperialist movement. After several months' imprisonment in 1945, he became one of Japan's key postwar leaders.
As Prime Minister
Yoshida became the 45th prime minister on
May 22, 1946. His pro-American and pro-British ideals and his knowledge of Western societies, gained through education and political work abroad are what made him the perfect candidate in the eyes of the postwar Allied occupation. After being replaced with Tetsu Katayamaon May 24, 1947, he returned to the post as the 48th prime minister on October 15, 1948.
Under Yoshida's rule, Japan began to rebuild its lost industrial infrastructure and placed a premium on unrestrained economic growth. Many of these concepts still impact Japan's political and economic policies, however since the 1970s environmental movement, the bursting of Japan's economic bubble, and the end of the Cold War, Japan has been struggling to redefine its national goals.
He was retained in three succeeding elections (49th:
February 16, 1949; 50th: October 30, 1952; and 51st: May 21, 1953), and was finally ousted on December 10, 1954, when he was replaced by Ichirō Hatoyama. He retired from the Diet of Japanin 1955.
Tarō Asō, is a Japanese politician as well as the 92nd and current Prime Minister of Japan.
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