Shigeru Yoshida


Shigeru Yoshida

Infobox Politician
name = Shigeru Yoshida


width =150px
height =200px
caption =Prime Minister of Japan
birth_date =september 22 1878
birth_place =Tokyo, Japan
residence =
death_date =death date and age|1967|10|20|1878|09|22
death_place =Tokyo, Japan
office =45th Prime Minister of Japan
salary =
term_start =May 22 1946
term_end = May 24,1947
predecessor =Shidehara Kijuro
successor =Katayama Tetsu
constituency =
office2 =48th, 49th, 50th, 51st Prime Minister of Japan
salary2 =
term_start2 = October 15 1948
term_end2 = December 10 1954
predecessor2 =Ashida Hitoshi
successor2 =Hatoyama Ichiro
constituency2 =
office3 =
salary3 =
term_start3 =
term_end3 =
predecessor3 =
successor3 =
constituency3 =
party = Liberal
religion =
occupation = Cabinet Minister
majority =
spouse =
children =
website =
footnotes =

nihongo|Shigeru Yoshida|吉田 茂|Yoshida Shigeru, KCVO September 22, 1878–October 20, 1967, was a Japanese diplomat and politician who served as Prime Minister of Japan from 1946 to 1947 and from 1948 to 1954. His policies, emphasizing Japan's economic recovery and a reliance on United States military protection at the expense of independence in foreign affairs, became known as the Yoshida Doctrine and shaped Japanese foreign policy during the Cold War era and beyond.

Early life

Yoshida was born in Yokosuka near Tokyo and educated at Tokyo Imperial University. He entered Japan's diplomatic corps in 1906 just after Japan's victory against Russia in the Russo-Japanese War. He was Japan's ambassador to Italy and the United Kingdom during the 1930s and finally retired from his last appointment as ambassador to London in 1938. Throughout the 1930s and before the war ended in the early 1940s, Yoshida continued to participate in Japan's imperialist movement. After several months' imprisonment in 1945, he became one of Japan's key postwar leaders.

As Prime Minister

Yoshida became the 45th prime minister on May 22,1946. His pro-American and pro-British ideals and his knowledge of Western societies, gained through education and political work abroad are what made him the perfect candidate in the eyes of the postwar Allied occupation. After being replaced with Tetsu Katayama on May 24, 1947, he returned to the post as the 48th prime minister on October 15, 1948.

Policies

Under Yoshida's rule, Japan began to rebuild its lost industrial infrastructure and placed a premium on unrestrained economic growth. Many of these concepts still impact Japan's political and economic policies, however since the 1970s environmental movement, the bursting of Japan's economic bubble, and the end of the Cold War, Japan has been struggling to redefine its national goals.

He was retained in three succeeding elections (49th: February 16, 1949; 50th: October 30,1952; and 51st: May 21, 1953), and was finally ousted on December 10,1954, when he was replaced by Ichirō Hatoyama. He retired from the Diet of Japan in 1955.

Yoshida's grandson, Tarō Asō, is a Japanese politician as well as the 92nd and current Prime Minister of Japan.


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