Katō Takaaki


Katō Takaaki

Infobox Politician
name = Katō Takaaki



caption =Prime Minister of Japan
birth_date =birth date|1860|1|3|df=y
birth_place =Nagoya, Owari Province, Japan
residence =
death_date = death date and age|1926|1|28|1860|1|3|df=y
death_place =Tokyo, Japan
office =24th Prime Minister of Japan
salary =
term_start =11 June 1924
term_end = 28 January 1926
monarch = Emperor Taisho
predecessor =Kiyoura Keigo
successor =Wakatsuki Reijiro
constituency =
office2 =
salary2 =
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term_end2 =
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term_start3 =
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party =Kenseikai
religion =
occupation = Cabinet Minister
majority =
spouse = Haruji Katō
children =
website =
footnotes =

nihongo| Katō Takaaki, 1st Baron |加藤 高明| Katō Takaaki , (3 January 1860 - 28 January 1926) was a Japanese politician and the 24th Prime Minister of Japan from 11 June 1924 to 28 January 1926. He is also known as Katō Kōmei.

Early life

Katō, was the second son of a local "samurai" retainer of the Owari Tokugawa domain in Nagoya, Owari Province, (present day Aichi prefecture). He was born as Hattori Sokichi, and was adopted by Katō Bunhei at the age of 13. He attended the Tokyo Foreign Language School and Tokeo Kaisei Gakko (later Tokyo University), and graduated to the top of his class from the Law Department, specializing in English common law. On graduation worked as an employee of Mitsubishi "zaibatsu," and was sent to London for two years. On his return to Japan in 1885, he became an assistant manager at the Mitsubishi head office in Marunouchi, Tokyo. In 1886, he married the eldest daughter of Iwasaki Yataro, the president of Mitsubishi.

As Cabinet Minister & Ambassador

In 1887, Katō became private secretary to Okuma Shigenobu, who was then Minister of Foreign Affairs, and worked with Okuma on the revision of the unequal treaties. Subsequently he served as director of the Banking Bureau in the Finance Ministry. From 1894 to 1899, he served as ambassador to the United Kingdom, and in 1900, during the 4th Ito administration, he became Foreign Minister; however, the Ito administration remained in office only a few months. During his period in the United Kingdom and in the Foreign Ministry, he helped lay the foundations for the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, which was concluded in 1902.

In 1902 he was elected a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet from Kochi Prefecture.

Appointed again as Foreign Minister in the Saionji cabinet (1906), he resigned after a brief interval, being opposed to the nationalization of the private railways, which the cabinet approved. He then remained without office until 1908, when he again accepted the post of ambassador in London. He was decorated with the Order of St Michael and St George, and earned the reputation of being one of the strongest among the junior statesmen. He again served as Foreign Minister in the 3rd Katsura and 2nd Okuma administrations.

He was thus foreign minister at the outbreak of World War I, and in the words of Hew Strachan ("The First World War", p. 72): "Of all the world's statesmen in 1914, Katō proved the most adroit at using war for the purposes of policy. Domestically he exploited it to assert the dominance of the Foreign Ministry and of the cabinet in the making of Japan's foreign policy. Internationally he took the opportunity to redefine Japan's relationship with China. In doing so he was not simply outflanking the extremists opposed to him; he was also honouring his own belief that Japan should be a great power like those of Europe."

Despite these glowing words from a certain western historian, Katō's decision that Japan should enter World War I greatly angered the "genro," who had not been consulted, and who therefore felt that their power and authority were being slighted. In addition, Katō created considerable controversy in January 1915, when he issued the Twenty-One Demands to China, which sparked a major international incident and considerably opposition domestically.

As Prime Minister

In 1915, Katō was selected as a member of the House of Peers by Imperial command. He became president of the conservative Kenseikai in the following year, whose policies he greatly influenced with his opposition to the "genro", support of the constitution and support for extension of popular suffrage.

Katō was appointed Prime Minister of Japan from 1924 until his death in early 1926. His cabinet was nicknamed the "Goken Sanpa Naikaku" (Cabinet based on the three pro-Constitution factions), which, despite its coalition nature, was able to enact significant legislation. In 1925, Katō had the General Election Law enacted, which extended the vote to all male citizens over the age of 25. He also ratified the Peace Preservation Law, which suppressed radical political organizations, and concluded the Soviet-Japanese Basic Convention. He also initiated universal military service. Katō strove to reduce government spending, but also suffered considerable personal criticism for his family links with Mitsubishi.

Katō died in office in 1926.

See also

* History of Japan

External links

References

* Beasley, W.G. "Japanese Imperialism 1894-1945". Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-822168-1
* Buruma, Ian. "Inventing Japan: 1853-1964". Modern Library; (2004) ISBN 0-8129-7286-4
* Toyoda, Jo. "Kato Takaaki to Taisho demokurashi (Meiji Taisho no saisho)". Kodansha. ISBN 4-06-180698-X (Japanese)
*


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Katō Takaaki — (jap. 加藤 高明, auch in der On Lesung Katō Kōmei; * 25. Januar 1860 (traditionell Ansei 7/1/3) in Saya, Landkreis Ama, Provinz Owari (heute: Aisai, Präfektur Aichi); † 28 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Katō Takaaki — Este artículo está titulado de acuerdo a la onomástica japonesa, en que el apellido precede al nombre. Katō Takaaki 24º primer ministro de Japón 11 de junio de 1924 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Katō Takaaki — ▪ prime minister of Japan also called  Katō Kōmei   born Jan. 25, 1860, Nagoya, Japan died Jan. 28, 1926, Tokyo  Japanese prime minister in the mid 1920s whose government and policies were considered the most democratic in Japan before World War… …   Universalium

  • Takaaki Katō — (加藤高明, 1860 1926) est un homme politique japonais qui fut Premier ministre du Japon du 11 juin 1924 au 30 janvier 1926 après avoir été ambassadeur à Londres puis ministre des Affaires étran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kato — Katō (加藤, characters for add/increase and wisteria ) is the eleventh most common Japanese surname. It may refer to: In people: * Ai Kato, an actress * Eizō Katō, a painter * Daijiro Kato, a motorcyclist * Kato Kaelin, houseguest of O.J. Simpson * …   Wikipedia

  • Kato — ist ein japanischer Modellbahnhersteller Kato ist die eingedeutschte (ungebräuchlich gewordene) Form des römischen Names Cato, siehe Cato (Cognomen) Katō bezeichnet: eine Stadt in der japanischen Präfektur Hyōgo, siehe Katō (Hyōgo) Katō ist der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Katō — Kato bezeichnet: einen japanischen Modellbahnhersteller, siehe KATO die eingedeutschte (ungebräuchlich gewordene) Form des römischen Namens Cato, siehe Cato (Cognomen) Kato ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Moriyuki Kato (* 1934),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Takaaki — is a male given Japanese name.It can refer to the following people: *Katō TakaakiIt can refer to the following fictional characters: * Takaaki of Demashita! Powerpuff Girls Z …   Wikipedia

  • Kato —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Cato. Kato peut être : Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kenseikai — Katō Takaaki, figura central del Kenseikai. El Kenseikai (憲政会, Kenseikai …   Wikipedia Español


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