- Takahashi Korekiyo
name = Takahashi Korekiyo
caption =Prime Minister of Japan
birth_date =birth date|1854|7|27|df=y
death_date = death date and age|1936|2|26|1854|7|27|df=y
Prime Minister of Japan
13 November 1921
12 June 1922
occupation = Cabinet Minister
nihongo| Takahashi Korekiyo, 1st Viscount Takahashi |高橋是清| Takahashi Korekiyo , (
27 July 1854– 26 February 1936) was a Japanese politicianand the 20th Prime Minister of Japanfrom 13 November 1921to 12 June 1922. He was known as an expert on finance during his political career.
Early life and civilian career
Takahashi was born in
Edo(present day Tokyo) as the illegitimate son of a court painter in residence at Edo Castle, and adopted as the son of Takahashi Kakuji, a low-ranking " ashigaru" " samurai" in the service of the Date " daimyo" of Sendai Domain. He studied English languageand American culturein a private school run by the missionary Hepburn, and went abroad with a son of Katsu Kaishuto study in London. After his return to Japan, he became the first master of the "Kyoritsu Gakko" high school in Tokyo, (currently Kaisei High School) and at the same time worked as a low-ranking governmental bureaucrat in the Ministry of Education, later the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce. He was appointed as the first chief of the Bureau of Patents which was a department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce, and helped organized the patentsystem in Japan. At one point, he resigned his government positions and went to Peruto start an enterprise but failed.
He became an employee of the
Bank of Japanin 1892, and his talents were soon recognized, as he rose to become vice-president in 1898. For his success in raising the foreign loans critical to the Japanese government during and after the Russo-Japanese Warof 1904-1905, he was appointed to the House of Peersin 1905.
Takahashi became president of the
Yokohama Specie Bankin 1906, and the Bank of Japan in 1911.
In 1913, he was appointed as the Minister of Finance by Prime Minister
Yamamoto Gonnohyoeand then joined the political party " Rikken Seiyukai". He was appointed to the same office by Prime Minister Hara Takashiin 1918. After Hara was assassinated in 1921, Takahashi was appointed both Prime Minister and the "Rikken Seiyukai" party president.
Takahashi's term as Prime Minister lasted less than seven months, primarily due to his inability as an outsider to control the various factions within his own party, and his lack of his own power base within the party.
After resigning as Prime Minister, Takahashi still retained the position of president of the party. When
Kato Takaakibecame the prime minister and set up a coalition cabinet 1924, Takahashi accepted the post of Minister of Agriculture and Commerce. He resigned from the "Rikken Seiyukai" in 1925.
Takahashi continued to serve as Finance Minister under the administrations of
Tanaka Giichi(1927-1929), Inukai Tsuyoshi(1931-1932), Saito Makoto(1932-1934) and Okada Keisuke(1934-1936). Despite his considerable success in fighting the effects of the Great Depression of 1929, his fiscal policies involving reduction of military expenditures created many enemies within the military, and he was among those murdered by rebelling military officers in the February 26 Incidentof 1936.
* Takahashi appeared on a 50
Yen banknoteissued by the Bank of Japan in 1951. It is the only time that a former president of the Bank of Japan has appeared on one of Japan's banknotes.
* Takahashi's Tokyo residence is now the !Takahashi Korekiyo Memoral Park" in Tokyo's Minato Ward, Akasaka. However, a portion of the building survives in the
Edo-Tokyo Open Air Architectural Museumin Koganei city, Tokyo.
* Bix, Herbert B. "Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan". Harper Perennial (2001). ISBN 0-06-093130-2
* Jansen, Marius B. "The Making of Modern Japan". Belknap Press; New Ed edition (2002). ISBN 0-674-00991-6
* Wolferen, Karl van. "The Enigma of Japanese Power: People and Politics in a Stateless Nation". Vintage; Reprint edition (1990). ISBN 0-679-72802-3
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