(29075) 1950 DA

(29075) 1950 DA

Infobox Planet | discovery=yes | physical_characteristics = yes | bgcolour=#FFFFC0
name=(29075) 1950 DA
discoverer=Carl A. Wirtanen
discovered=February 23, 1950
alt_names=mp|2000 YK|66
mp_category=Apollo
epoch=March 06, 2006 (JD 2453800.5)
semimajor=254.133 Gm (1.699 AU)
perihelion=125.117 Gm (0.836 AU)
aphelion=383.148 Gm (2.561 AU)
eccentricity=0.508
period=808.726 d (2.21626 a)
inclination=12.184°
asc_node=356.802°
arg_peri=224.503°
mean_anomaly=75.965°
avg_speed=21.30 km/s
dimensions=1.1–1.4 km
mass=>3,000 x 109 kg
density=3.0 + g/cm³
surface_grav=? m/s²
escape_velocity=? km/s
rotation=0.0884 d (2.1216 h)
spectral_type=E or M
abs_magnitude=17.0
albedo=0.2-0.25
single_temperature=? K

(29075) 1950 DA is a near Earth asteroid. It is notable for having the highest known probability of impacting Earth, according to the Palermo Technical Impact Hazard Scale (although this probability remains low). For a few days in December 2004 it was temporarily surpassed by 99942 Apophis (which at the time was named only by its provisional designation mp|2004 MN|4).

Discovery and name

1950 DA was first discovered on February 23, 1950 by Carl A. Wirtanen at Lick Observatory. It was observed for 17 days and then lost for half a century. An object discovered on December 31, 2000 (provisionally designated mp|2000 YK|66) was later recognized as a rediscovery of 1950 DA.

The asteroid has been given the number 29075, but does not yet have a name. Wirtanen had naming rights as the original discoverer; upon his death, naming rights reverted to the IAU, which may assign a name in the future.

Observations

In 2001, 1950 DA made a close approach to the Earth coming to within 7.8 million km. It was studied by radar at the Goldstone and Arecibo observatories from March 3 to 7, 2001.The studies showed that the asteroid has a mean diameter of 1.1–1.4 km. Optical lightcurve analysis by Lenka Sarounova and Petr Pravec shows that its rotation period is 2.1216 ± 0.0001 hours. Due to its short rotation period and high radar albedo, 1950 DA is thought to be fairly dense (more than 3 g/cm³). [ [http://echo.jpl.nasa.gov/asteroids/1950DA_goldstone/html/1950DA_planning.html 1950DA Planning] on the NASA website (last accessed on October 7, 2007).]

Possible Earth impact

If 1950 DA continues on its present orbit, it will approach near to the Earth on March 16, 2880. However, over the intervening time, its rotation will cause its orbit to change (by the Yarkovsky effect). Available radar and optical data suggest two possible pole directions [ [http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/1950da Asteroid 1950 DA ] ] ; one trajectory misses the Earth by tens of millions of kilometers, while the other has an impact probability of 1300.

The energy released by a collision with an object the size of 1950 DA would cause major effects on the climate and biosphere which would be devastating to human civilization. The discovery of the potential impact has heightened interest in asteroid deflection strategies.

ee also

* List of noteworthy asteroids
* Torino Scale
* Palermo scale

References

External links

* [http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/1950da/ NASA Near Earth Object Program: Asteroid 1950 DA]
* [http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/links/doi/10.1046/j.1365-246X.2003.01944.x/abs/ Article on the effects of a hypothetical impact, with particular relation to a predicted megatsunami (Geophysical Journal International)]


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  • (29075) 1950 da — Image radar de 1950 DA (29075) 1950 DA est l objet géocroiseur qui possède la plus forte probabilité connue d impact avec la Terre, selon l échelle de Palerme. Pendant quelques jours en décembre 2004, il fut temporairement surpassé par (99942)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • (29075) 1950 DA — Asteroid (29075) 1950 DA Eigenschaften des Orbits (Animation) Orbittyp …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • (29075) 1950 DA — Image radar de 1950 DA (29075) 1950 DA est l objet géocroiseur qui possède la plus forte probabilité connue d impact avec la Terre, selon l échelle de Palerme. Pendant quelques jours en décembre 2004, il fut temporairement surpassé par (99942)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1950 DA — (29075) 1950 DA Image radar de 1950 DA (29075) 1950 DA est l objet géocroiseur qui possède la plus forte probabilité connue d impact avec la Terre, selon l échelle de Palerme. Pendant quelques jours en décembre 2004, il fut temporairement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1950 DA — Asteroid (29075) 1950 DA Eigenschaften des Orbits ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Виртанен, Карл Альвар — Карл Альвар Виртанен Carl Alvar Wirtanen Дата рождения: 11 ноября 1910(1910 11 11) Место рождения: Кеноша, Висконсин Дата смерти …   Википедия


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