- Per Albin Hansson
infobox Prime Minister
name=Per Albin Hansson
Prime Minister of Sweden
Felix Hamrin Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp Tage Erlander
birth_date =birth date|1885|10|28|mf=y
death_date =death date and age|1946|10|6|1885|10|28|mf=y
Church of Sweden
Per Albin Hansson (
October 28, 1885– October 6, 1946), leader of the Swedish Social Democrats, was a Prime Minister in four governments between 1932 and 1946, including the coalition governmentwhich was formed during World War II, and included all major parties except the Communists.
Politically Hansson advocated and worked for the introduction of a
welfare statesystem, which he called " Folkhemmet" (the People's Home). Hansson died in Stockholmon 6 October 1946of a heart-attack he suffered while stepping off a tram at the Ålstens Gård station, after traveling home, as he always did, as an ordinary passenger on a tram. He is interred in the Norra begravningsplatsenin Stockholm.
World War II
Sweden was neutral during
World War II, but cooperated and traded with both sides.
The 1941 "Midsummer Crisis"
After the German invasion of the
Soviet Unionin early summer of 1941; Operation Barbarossa, the Germans in June 22 asked Sweden for some military concessions. The Swedish government granted these requests for logistical support. (mainly German troop transports between Finland, occupied Norway, occupied Denmark)In Sweden the political deliberations surrounding this decision have been called the "midsummer crisis".Recent research by Carl-Gustaf Scott argues however that there never was a "crisis", and that : "the crisis was created in historical hindsight in order to protect the political legacy of the Social Democratic Party and its leader Per Albin Hansson." [From the abstract of: Carl-Gustaf Scott, "The Swedish Midsummer Crisis of 1941: The Crisis that Never Was" Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 37, No. 3, 371-394 (2002) ( [http://jch.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/37/3/371 SAGE JOURNALS ONLINE] )]
Trade with the Axis and the Allies
To smelt the
steelrequired by the German Ruhr industry Germany was in 1939 - 1940 dependent on shipments of Swedish Iron oresince access to the supplies from the mines in France, the traditional supplier, were cut off until the invasion of France. In 1939 - 1940 the Allies tried various ways to stop the shipments of Swedish ore, for example by mining Norwegian territorial waters. (see Plan R 4)
Also payments from the Allies reached in agreement to stop the sale of
steelto Nazi Germanywere brokenFact|date=May 2008, and the Germans were charged extortionate 'smugglers rates' for the steel.Fact|date=May 2008
The sale of steeldubious to Hitler's Germany prolonged the war against Russiadubious where tanks played an important role.
A downed stray V2 rocket was also sold to the Allies in 1942, passing details of advanced nazi rocket engineering over. In effect, the main political priority was to avoid direct war engagement of Sweden during WWII, ignoring the greater moral issues and playing both sides for profit [ Winston Churchill - The Second World War. ISBN 978-0712667029] . During the latest stages of WWII, Sweden was no longer seriously threatened by invasion from the Allies or the
In Swedish socialist circles Per Albin is still highly regarded.At the time many on the left wing regarded him as a traitor siding with the nazis.The poster below, is from the Swedish communist party protesting the use of Swedish railways by
Swedish neutrality during World War II
Per Albin Line
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.