Per Albin Hansson


Per Albin Hansson

infobox Prime Minister
name=Per Albin Hansson


order=23rd Prime Minister of Sweden
term_start =1932
term_end =1936
1936–1946
predecessor =Felix Hamrin
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp
successor =Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp
Tage Erlander
birth_date =birth date|1885|10|28|mf=y
birth_place =
death_date =death date and age|1946|10|6|1885|10|28|mf=y
death_place =
party=Social Democrats
spouse=Elisabeth Fryckberg
religion=Lutheran/Church of Sweden

Per Albin Hansson (October 28, 1885–October 6, 1946), leader of the Swedish Social Democrats, was a Prime Minister in four governments between 1932 and 1946, including the coalition government which was formed during World War II, and included all major parties except the Communists.

Politics

Politically Hansson advocated and worked for the introduction of a welfare state system, which he called "Folkhemmet" (the People's Home). Hansson died in Stockholm on 6 October 1946 of a heart-attack he suffered while stepping off a tram at the Ålstens Gård station, after traveling home, as he always did, as an ordinary passenger on a tram. He is interred in the Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm.

World War II

Sweden was neutral during World War II, but cooperated and traded with both sides.

The 1941 "Midsummer Crisis"

After the German invasion of the Soviet Union in early summer of 1941; Operation Barbarossa, the Germans in June 22 asked Sweden for some military concessions. The Swedish government granted these requests for logistical support. (mainly German troop transports between Finland, occupied Norway, occupied Denmark)In Sweden the political deliberations surrounding this decision have been called the "midsummer crisis".Recent research by Carl-Gustaf Scott argues however that there never was a "crisis", and that : "the crisis was created in historical hindsight in order to protect the political legacy of the Social Democratic Party and its leader Per Albin Hansson." [From the abstract of: Carl-Gustaf Scott, "The Swedish Midsummer Crisis of 1941: The Crisis that Never Was" Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 37, No. 3, 371-394 (2002) ( [http://jch.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/37/3/371 SAGE JOURNALS ONLINE] )]

Trade with the Axis and the Allies

To smelt the steel required by the German Ruhr industry Germany was in 1939 - 1940 dependent on shipments of Swedish Iron ore since access to the supplies from the mines in France, the traditional supplier, were cut off until the invasion of France. In 1939 - 1940 the Allies tried various ways to stop the shipments of Swedish ore, for example by mining Norwegian territorial waters. (see Plan R 4)

Also payments from the Allies reached in agreement to stop the sale of steel to Nazi Germany were brokenFact|date=May 2008, and the Germans were charged extortionate 'smugglers rates' for the steel.Fact|date=May 2008

The sale of steeldubious to Hitler's Germany prolonged the war against Russiadubious where tanks played an important role.

A downed stray V2 rocket was also sold to the Allies in 1942, passing details of advanced nazi rocket engineering over. In effect, the main political priority was to avoid direct war engagement of Sweden during WWII, ignoring the greater moral issues and playing both sides for profit [ Winston Churchill - The Second World War. ISBN 978-0712667029] . During the latest stages of WWII, Sweden was no longer seriously threatened by invasion from the Allies or the third Reich.

Political legacy

In Swedish socialist circles Per Albin is still highly regarded.At the time many on the left wing regarded him as a traitor siding with the nazis.The poster below, is from the Swedish communist party protesting the use of Swedish railways by Nazi troops.

See also

* Swedish neutrality during World War II
* Per Albin Line

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Per Albin Hansson — ([ˌpæːʁ ˌalːbin ˈhɑːnsɔn], * 28. Oktober 1885 in Malmö Fosie; † 6. Oktober 1946 in Stockholm) war ein schwedischer Politiker, d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Per Albin Hansson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Per Albin Hansson …   Wikipedia Español

  • Per Albin Hansson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hansson. Per Albin Hansson …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Per-Albin-Hansson-Siedlung — Ost Per Albin Hansson Siedlung ist seit 1951 in Wien der Name einer von der Stadtverwaltung im 10. Bezirk, Favoriten, auf dem Südhang des Laaer Berges angelegten Stadtrandsiedlung, die heute aus drei Teilen besteht. Sie ist zum Dank für Wien nach …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Per-Albin-Hansson-Siedlung Ost — Lageplan der Per Albin Hansson Siedlung Ost Favoritenstraße 239 241 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hansson, Per Albin — ▪ prime minister of Sweden born Oct. 28, 1885, near Malmö, Swed. died Oct. 5, 1946, Stockholm  Social Democratic (Swedish Social Democratic Party) statesman who, as four time premier of Sweden between 1932 and 1946, led the nation out of the… …   Universalium

  • Hansson — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anette Hansson (* 1963), schwedische Fußballspielerin Bill S. Hansson (* 1959), schwedischer Biologe Bo Hansson (1943–2010), schwedischer Keyboarder und Komponist David Heinemeier Hansson (* 1979),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albin — (auch Albwin) ist sowohl ein männlicher Vorname[1] als auch ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Namenstage 3 Bauernregeln …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Per — ist ein skandinavischer männlicher Vorname[1], abgeleitet vom griechischen Namen Petros (deutsch Peter). Weiteres zu Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens siehe hier. Andere Formen des Namens sind Pär und Peer. Namensträger Per Ahlmark (* 1939),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hansson — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Anna Hansson, cycliste suédoise David Heinemeier Hansson, informaticien danois Irma Hansson, athlète suédoise, recordman du 20 kilomètres marche …   Wikipédia en Français


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