Abstract (law)

In law, an abstract is a brief statement that contains the most important points of a long legal document or of several related legal papers.

Abstract of title

The Abstract of Title, used in real estate transactions, is the more common form of abstract. An abstract of title lists all the owners of a piece of land, a house, or a building before it came into possession of the present owner. The abstract also records all deeds, wills, mortgages, and other documents that affect ownership of the property. An abstract describes a chain of transfers from owner to owner and any agreements by former owners that are binding on later owners.

Clear Title

A Clear Title to property is one that clearly states any obligation in the deed to the property. It reveals no breaks in the chain of legal ownership. After the records of the property have been traced and the title has been found clear, it is sometimes guaranteed, or insured. In a few states, a more efficient system of insuring title real properties provides for registration of a clear title with public authorities. After this is accomplished, no abstract of title is necessary.

Patent law

In the context of patent law and specifically in prior art searches, searching through abstracts is a common way to find relevant prior art document to question to novelty or inventive step (or non-obviousness in United States patent law) of an invention. Under United States patent law, the abstract may be called "Abstract of the Disclosure". [ United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) web site, [http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/mpep/documents/0600_608_01_b.htm 608.01(b) Abstract of the Disclosure] ]

Administrative process

Certain government bureaucracies, such as a "department of motor vehicles" will issue an abstract of a completed transaction or an updated record intended to serve as a proof of compliance with some administrative requirement. This is often done in advance of the update of reporting databases and/or the issuance of official documents.

Notes

References

* World Book encyclopedia 1988

ee also

*Property abstract

External links

*, defining the requirements regarding the abstract in an international application filed under Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
* and EPC Rule|47 (previously EPC 1973 Rule|33), defining the abstract-related requirements in a European patent application


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  • abstract — ab·stract / ab ˌstrakt/ n 1: a summary of a legal document 2: abstract of title ab·stract /ab strakt, ab ˌstrakt/ vt Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law …   Law dictionary

  • abstract of title — abstract of title: a summary statement of the successive conveyances and other facts on which a title to a piece of land rests Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. abstract of title n …   Law dictionary

  • abstract of judgment — A written summary of a court judgment stating how much money the losing defendant (the judgment debtor) owes to the person who won (the judgment creditor), the rate of interest to be paid on the judgment amount, court costs, and any specific… …   Law dictionary

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  • abstract of trust — See: certification of trust Category: Wills, Trusts & Estates → Living Trusts & Avoiding Probate Nolo’s Plain English Law Dictionary. Gerald N. Hill, Kathleen Thompson Hill. 2009 …   Law dictionary

  • abstract of record — n. A short summary of the history of a case taken from the trial court record to show an appellate court what issues were considered at trial. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell …   Law dictionary

  • abstract idea — index concept Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Abstract — (‘resumen’, en inglés) puede referirse a: Abstract (sumario): resumen de un artículo científico (en:Abstract (summary)). Abstract (derecho): resumen de un texto jurídico (en:Abstract (law)). Véase también Abstract Factory (patrón de diseño)… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abstract — may refer to: * Abstract (law) * Abstract (summary) * Abstract art * Abstract objectee also* Abstraction (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Abstract (summary) — An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper s purpose. When used, an… …   Wikipedia

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