Nizam-ı Cedid
Shahid Caliph Sultan, Selim III, Selīm-i sālis , سليم ثالث Khan

The Nizam-ı Cedid (from Arabic َAl-Niẓām Al-Jadīd via Persian Nizām-e Jadīd - "New Order") was a series of reforms carried out by the Ottoman Empire sultan Selim III during the late eighteenth century in a drive to catch up militarily and politically with the Western Powers. Specific reforms included conscription, new taxes, new legal categories, and the promotion of a more territorially-based state structure achieved by more strictly defined regions and administrative centralization.[1] The term later came to refer to the new regular army established under the reform program.


European states welcomed such reforms as useful for their imperial agenda and efforts to civilize colonial holdings. Both the French and the British sent military instructors to the reorganized Muslim regimes; they also sold them artillery. Conversely, some domestic Muslims criticized the reforms as infidel importations. The reformers countered that the reforms were new armies that could be used to defend the Muslim world from European crusades and other invasions.[1]

Conditions

Between 1829 and 1855 the new army was constantly being improved under the sight of military advisors. The troops of the Nizam-ı Cedid corps were equipped with European-style uniforms and educated in European military strategy. The Sultan made sure that, if the campaign of 1829 against the Russians was fought over again in 1855, the result would be very different.

Footnote

  • ^ Section based on the article by THE INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE 1855.

References

  1. ^ a b Amira K. Bennison, "Muslim Universalism and Western Globalization," in Globalization in World History, ed. A.G. Hopkins, p. 89.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • nizam-ı cedid — ▪ Turkish history       (Turkish: “new order”), originally a program of westernizing reforms undertaken by the Ottoman sultan Selim III (reigned 1789–1807). Later the term came to denote exclusively the new, regular troops established under this… …   Universalium

  • Nizam-ı Cedid — El Nizam ı Cedid (del árabe َAl Niẓām Al Jadīd, a su vez del persa Nizām e Jadīd Nueva orden ) fue una serie de reformas que se presentaron en el Imperio otomano por el sultán Selim III durante el siglo XVIII para alcanzar un nivel militar y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • NİZAM-I CEDİD — Yeni nizam. Osmanlı Devletinde III. Sultan Selim zamanında yeni nizamla yetiştirilen bir askerî teşkilât …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • Nizam (disambiguation) — Nizam or nezam (Arabic: نظام, niẓām‎) is an Arabic word that literally means system or order . The word has been borrowed by Persian and Urdu and other Arabic influenced languages. It is also sometimes used as part of a name or honorific. Nizam… …   Wikipedia

  • Military of the Ottoman Empire — Army: Sipahi · Akıncı · Timariot  …   Wikipedia

  • Ottoman Empire — a former Turkish empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest territorial extent under Suleiman in the 16th century; collapsed after World War I. Cap.: Constantinople. Also called Turkish Empire. * * * Former empire… …   Universalium

  • Imperio otomano — دولتِ عَليه عُثمانيه Devlet i Âliye i Osmâniye Imperio otomano Imperio colonial …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ottoman Empire — دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet i Âliyye i Osmâniyye …   Wikipedia

  • Selim III — born Dec. 24, 1761, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire died July 29, 1808, Constantinople Ottoman sultan (r. 1789–1807). He inherited the throne during a losing war with Austria and Russia (1787–92), with whom he later signed treaties. Napoleon I s… …   Universalium

  • Incidente Afortunado — El Incidente Afortunado (o Vaka i Hayriye en turco) fue la disolución obligatoria de los Jenízaros por parte del sultán otomano Mahmut II en junio de 1826. El cuerpo de jenízaros había sido una fuerza militar de elite dentro del ejercito del… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”