Antipodes Snipe
Antipodes Snipe
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Coenocorypha
Species: C. aucklandica
Subspecies: C. a. meinertzhagenae
Trinomial name
Coenocorypha aucklandica meinertzhagenae
Rothschild, 1927
  • Gallinago tristrami
  • Coenocorypha meinertzhagenae

The Antipodes Snipe or Antipodes Island Snipe (Coenocorypha aucklandica meinertzhagenae) is an isolated subspecies of the Subantarctic Snipe that is endemic to the Antipodes Islands, a subantarctic island group south of New Zealand in the Southern Ocean.


Taxonomy and etymology

The Antipodes Snipe was first collected by Fairchild in 1887, and by Andreas Reischek in 1888.[1] It was first described by Walter Rothschild in 1893 as Gallinago tristrami in honour of Henry Baker Tristram. However, doubts were raised about the provenance of the type specimen, which appeared to be from the Auckland Islands, and Rothschild made a new description in 1927, recognising the Antipodes Island form as a subspecies of Coenocorypha aucklandica. The subspecific name honours British ornithologist Annie Meinertzhagen, the second wife of ornithologist Richard Meinertzhagen.[2]


The Antipodes Snipe is similar to the nominate subspecies – the Auckland Snipe – but differs in being darker above and with yellower underparts.[1]

Distribution and habitat

The snipe is endemic to the Antipodes group, which has a total surface area of 22 km2. It has been recorded not only from the main Antipodes Island, but also from the much smaller Bollons, Archway and Inner Windward Islands. It inhabits the islands’ tussock grasslands and herbfields, nesting under tussocks and Polystichum vestitum shield ferns.[3]



Breeding is seasonal, with egg-laying beginning in mid to late August. The typical clutch size is two.[3] “Hakawai” aerial displays have been recorded.[4]


The snipe have been recorded as feeding on a variety of invertebrates, including annelids, amphipods, isopods, arachnids and insects.[3]

Status and conservation

The population of the snipe is estimated at 8,000 birds.[5] It has been classified as a range-restricted island endemic with a stable population.[6]



  1. ^ a b Oliver (1955).
  2. ^ Hartert (1927).
  3. ^ a b c Higgins & Davies (1996).
  4. ^ Miskelly et al. (2006).
  5. ^ Melville & Battley (2006).
  6. ^ Miskelly et al. (2008).


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antipodes Islands — The Antipodes Islands (from Greek αντίποδες antipodes [ [ bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2310380 Antipodes] , Liddell and Scott, A Greek English Lexicon , at Perseus.] ) are inhospitable… …   Wikipedia

  • Subantarctic Snipe — Illustration from Walter Buller s 1888 Birds of New Zealand Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • New Zealand Snipe — Taxobox image caption = Illustration from Walter Buller s 1888 Birds of New Zealand . C. aucklandica is on the left. on the right is a Godwit. name = New Zealand Snipe status = NT | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata… …   Wikipedia

  • Coenocorypha — North Island Snipe C. barrierensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of New Zealand — Contents 1 Sphenisciformes 2 Procellariiformes 3 Pelecaniformes 4 …   Wikipedia

  • List of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds — This list is based on the Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds [ spp list.pdf list, May 2002 update] , with the doubtfuls omitted. It includes the birds of Australia, New Zealand,… …   Wikipedia

  • Endemic birds of New Zealand — This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the World s various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds. New Zealand has a high percentage of endemic birds. Eighty seven… …   Wikipedia

  • Aves endémicas de Nueva Zelanda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Este artículo sobre aves endémicas de Nueva Zelanda forma parte de una serie que informa sobre el endemismo en las aves en varias zonas zoogeográficas del Mundo. Para una visión sobre el tema y otras zonas vea… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Эндемичные виды птиц Новой Зеландии — Нелетающая птица Киви символ Новой Зеландии Кеа попугай, который …   Википедия

  • Auckland Islands — Motu Maha or Maungahuka (Māori) Topographical map of the Auckland Islands …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”