Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia Y/Ypsilon
Lancia Ypsilon Grigio Argento (front quarter).jpg
Manufacturer Lancia
Production 1996-present
Predecessor Lancia Y10
Class Supermini
Layout FF layout

The Lancia Ypsilon is a supermini produced by Italian automaker Lancia since 1996. It is the replacement of the Y10, although larger and more expensive. Between 1995 and 2005 Lancia produced, in the Melfi (Potenza) factory, more than 870,000 Ypsilons.[1]

Contents

First generation "Y" (1996-2003)

Lancia Y (840)
Lancia Y Elefantino Blu.jpg
Production 1996-2003
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Body style 3-door hatchback
Engine 1.1L Fire I4 petrol
1.2L Fire I4 petrol
1.4L Pratola Serra I4 petrol
Transmission 5-speed manual
ECVT
Wheelbase 2,380 mm (94 in)
Length 3,723 mm (146.6 in)
3,740 mm (147 in) (facelift 2000)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Related Fiat Punto (176)
Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Palio
Designer Enrico Fumia

Presented in Rome in January 1996, Y (codeproject Type 840),[2] was developed in 24 months and the entire project cost about 400 billion Lire.[3] Designed by Enrico Fumia, his line could remember in part one of the successful predecessor, the Autobianchi Y10, wedge-shaped with a nearly vertical tailgate, but it is much larger than 30 cm, with innovative design "quadrifrontale" or " Four-side-look ",[4] where the arches are repeated on all sides of the car (both front and in the queue, ditto on the sides). The length is 3.72 m, 33 cm more than the Y10. Lancia Y was built on the platform of the Fiat Punto series 176 (the same platform as the Palio and Barchetta) with a redesigned rear suspension set-up and more comfortable.

It was equipped with a well-finished interior, 5 seats, plastic dashboard "soft touch" (a real treat for a small car at the time) and fed a range of accessories and customization (one of the most important and first for the 'era, the range of non-standard colors with 100 different shades Kaleidos metallescent to choose from, besides the 12 pastel and metallic standard). A curiosity was the central instrument panel, then also adopted the Musa and Ypsilon on the 2003.

Lancia Y inside in Alcantara

Initially, the expected range was recognized by the initials LE, LS and LX based on various standard features, but probably because of their cost is not very competitive compared to the competition, about 1 year after the debut were born the Blue Elephant, version dedicated to the most young people, thereby providing a more spartan setting, and the Red Elephant, which aimed to sportiness and performance, tracing a little 'philosophy to sell the Autobianchi A112 Abarth. For the last they saw the light Blues elephant, Elephant Blue body color with dedicated, colored mirrors and a vehicle audio system and enhanced Cosmopolitan, special version created in collaboration with the magazine of women on a Y LX, solely to the european market (Italy esclused).

The air conditioning was fitted as standard on the LS and LX, which also offered a more complete instrument panel (including tachometer and larger display with outside temperature indicator).

The engines, part of the series already Fire used first of its ancestor in the displacements between 1,100 and 1,200 cc 8-valve to the more 1.4 "Pratola Serra" 12-valve 80 hp be adopted at that time also by the Fiat Bravo/Brava.[5] Given the limited success of this engine, after a short period of time (1 year or so) was replaced by the first evolution with head multivalve of 1242 cc and multipoint injection,[6] with the considerable power of 86 hp at 6000 rpm/min and torque Max. 113 Nm at 4500 r/min, which debuted on this model (as it was at that time in 1985 on the 999 8v Y10), still among the best engines of this displacement, power and performance. Unique control system of distribution: a toothed belt drives the camshaft of the exhaust valves, and from these, a reference to the camshaft gear drives the intake valves. In particular elephant in the Red version (symbol of the historic sports cars Lancia HF) as the cousin Punto Sporting with the final report was shorter gear, lowered suspension with stabilizer bars and steering gear box plus more direct, it reached 177 km/h speed maximum and was the only one to have approved the standard 15 "wheels with 195/50 tires of. for those who desire a more discreet and comfortable range were present in the LS and LX versions, able to reach the same speed and taking the maximum km from standstill in 33.3 s. The 1.2 16V was also available with a CVT transmission.

The Italian magazine "Quattroruote" beyond the city use, the test drive of the "Y 16V LX" among other things, praised the excellent, given the capacity, reserves power of the engine in highway driving with a comfort for the driver and passenger of a car worthy of a higher category, making it a versatile car that is suitable for all types of trails. Lancia Y was also featured in Gran Turismo 2. The model was an immediate success both in the first two months were sold over 42,000 cars[7]

Facelift 2000

2000 Lancia Y facelift

In October 2000 he was made a slight exterior and interior restyling. The external changes include a new Lancia shield larger than the former, new bumpers, new taillights, new wheel cover design of a new form of fog, also features side moldings running along the side of the car becomes much smoother and body color. Inside, the most significant change is the headrests instead of drilled solids and a new conformation of the seats, steering wheel changing now similar to that of the Lancia Lybra, the bridge remains unchanged (but on some versions you can not help but notice a small drop style, the material was no longer available with "soft touch" in contrast to the first series, as well as the loss of reflective security on doors and recirculation of the command climate through electrical control button, replaced with a mechanical lever heated and releases the button on the control of central air conditioner with built-all'hazard, fender/rear fog lights and heated rear window) and a slight redesign of the instrument panel, more readable and modern, especially in the use of LED display. The length increased slightly from 3.72 meters to 3.74 meters.

The versions equipped LX and "Red Elephant" which cost € 15.060 list, as in previous series were standard equipment for the major categories, including driver and passenger airbag, air conditioning, ABS, power steering, radio Blaupunkt navigation system with 6 speakers, split rear seat with headrests, the Alcantara interior Castiglio similar to previously used on the first set but less refined (and expensive), the display for outdoor temperature, electrically operated mirrors painted in body color (red-colored titanium sull'Elefantino, coordinated the search, to the helm station and instrument panel with red instead of green like the other versions), central locking with remote control, power windows, seat and steering wheel Adjustable (leather with red stitching on the Red Elephant), fog lamps and alloy wheels with 185/60 R 14 tires for the LX and 195/50 R15 for the Red Elephant.

In the following years were marketed by the names of other special versions DoDo,[8] Vanity and Unica. 16v versions reduce their output of 6 PS (4 kW) due to new Euro 3 pollution standards by reducing emissions with a less grumpy and more linear delivery, while maintaining or even increasing consumption.

It also changed the engine from 60 hp 1242, which earns the sequential multipoint fuel injection system, but loses its power and drive of the same engine configuration and power Singlepoint Euro 2, because of reductions of CO2 that have to fall in Euro 3 limits of the directive.

It also removed from the price of the 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) engine 1108, as it had not yet been adapted to the new Euro 3 directive. So the remaining versions to list only the 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) 1.2 8v and 1.2 16v 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp).[9]

In September 2003, after nearly eight years of career and just over 800,000 products,[10] debuted its successor, the Lancia Ypsilon, since replaced by 'the following year. A right-hand drive version was not produced.

Engines

Lancia Y with 1.4 12V engine
  • 1.1 8v 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp)
  • 1.2 8v 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp)
  • 1.2 16v 86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp)
  • 1.2 16v 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) - Facelift
  • 1.4 12v 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp)

Safety

The Y was awarded with 2 stars in the EuroNCAP crash test for adult protection and Euro NCAP 2 star certification for pedestrian safety.[11]


Second generation "Ypsilon" (2003-2011)

Lancia Ypsilon (843)
Lancia Ypsilon Momo Design
Production 2003-2011
Assembly Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Body style 3-door hatchback
Engine 1.2L Fire I4 petrol
1.4L Fire I4 petrol
1.4L Fire EcoChic I4 LPG
1.3L Multijet I4 diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed semi-auto
Wheelbase 2,388 mm (94.0 in)
Length 3,778 mm (148.7 in)
3,810 mm (150 in) (facelift 2006)
Width 1,704 mm (67.1 in)
Height 1,530 mm (60 in)
Related Lancia Musa
Fiat Punto
Fiat Idea
Zastava 10

Introduced in 2003 the Ypsilon (codeproject Type 843) us the car to access the Lancia range, has been designed to meet the needs of the young audience, and over time has found numerous acclaim especially by the female audience. Today it is the best-selling car of the Lancia range with an annual production of about 60,000 copies. Initially assembled at the Fiat plant in Melfi in the province of Potenza, however since June 2005 production was moved to Sicily at the plant in Termini Imerese Palermo. The car uses a three-door body length of about 3.78 meters and features a stylish design loosely based on the historic Lancia Ardea, this style has opened a new family feeling which was taken from the house with the models of Chivasso Musa and Delta launched in 2004 and 2008.

2003 Ypsilon inside

The front is characterized by a large chrome grille to mark incorporated duo with lobes at the top, the lighting is placed at the ends of the front arch, bumpers are characterized by the presence of a coating applied to the fascia is not above the air intakes quai are in the fog lights (in versions of the tip). Predominates along the side rib that gives a slight boost to the car, the glazing frames are chrome plated versions of the tip. The tail has vertical headlamps that culminate in the bumper and integrated into the fenders. The rear tailgate has a small size that limits fisibilità but is embellished by chromed fascia in this area above the number plate.

As a base frame using a shortened version of the famous B platform debut with the Fiat Punto (188) and also adopted by the Fiat Idea and Lancia Musa. The mechanism relies on the engine placed in front-mounted transverse with its front wheel drive, suspension shall take the pattern for the front-wheel independent MacPherson strut with stabilizer bar, the arms are made of steel, the rear wheels are connected by a torsion bar stabilizer as. The brake system uses ventilated front discs and rear drums are available classics, only for the home versions Sport MomoDesign has provided the four-disc brakes with stiffened suspension and trim. For all versions of the series is the anti-wheel drive lock (ABS) with Brake Distribution (EBD) and electric power steering system that hardens gradually, but among the options are also disponiibli electronic stability control and traction combined all'Hill Holder.

The interior is made with care, covered with plastic inserts on door panels and instrument panel Airtex fabric, leather or Alcantara depending on the version and there are some two-tone upholstery and plastic inserts that mimic the aluminum. The upholstery is available in four different materials: glamorous, Airtex, suede, leather. One of the characteristics that differentiate them from the build quality is the main point, because the interior is characterized by platic assembled with precision. The instrumentation has a very classic design but does not facilitate the reading, the design of the dashboard shows the central control panel that has allowed the construction of large storage space in front of the driver and passenger. The air conditioning and radio controls were located in the central area, including the optional navigation system is available in color.

Facelift 2006

2006 Ypsilon facelift rear

In autumn 2006 the Ypsilon, suffered a slight touch-line with the engines, and internal versions. Outside are well visible the new front grille, bumpers more rounded with enlarged air intakes and the rear light clusters with chrome-effect ice in the bumper. There are five versions are distinguished: Silver, Passion, White Gold, Yellow Gold and Platinum. Inside you find new fabrics for the seats and new combinations of colors, finishes on the bridge are painted silver or dark gray. The car has a new 1.3 Multijet 16v engines 75, 90 and 105 horses, then appears the availability of the Blue & Me hands-free (Bluetooth with USB port), new colors, new wheels and new color combinations.

The new Ypsilon can be equipped with pay-Electronic Stability Control and Hill Holder, a 0.93 g of grip, even if the rolling is accentuated by the soft suspension calibration. The shift lever is in a raised position and the split rear bench seat and sliding. The 2008 range introduces a DPF particulate filter as standard on all diesel engines except the 105 horsepower 1.3 Multijet diesel with automatic transmission and Dualogic.

In the year 2010, the exterior mirrors were increased in size and new darkened headlamps were introduced.

Special version

The Ypsilon was produced in two body colors version (called B-colore), which recalls the Lancia tradition of the past. The best-selling Ypsilon were the Passion, the Momo Design[12] and recently Sport Momo Design[13] characterized by the double body-color, distinct from the top (roof, side mirrors and rear hatch) and the rest of the fairing, as well as some details (alloy wheels, interior) of most sporty impression. It derives directly from a concept called Ypsilon Sport,[14] presented at the Geneva Motor Show in 2005, developed in collaboration with Zagato Design Centre.[15] It differs from the parent version of the engine (1.4 Fire 95 Hp and 1.3 Multijet 75, 90 and 105 horsepower, the four-disc braking system with lowered suspension, tires and some design features that make it more sporting to 'eye as circles and diamond burnished by the design Sports, chrome and burnished leather and Alcantara interior designer Momo Design.

2010 Lancia Ypsilon Elle

In May 2008, as in 2006, returns in the role of the limited edition makeover ModaMilano[16] with specific color changes (TOP Borromini Grey color), Bi-color multi-spoke wheels, chrome trim and dashboard instrumentation cupolotto covered with skin, price until December of that year.

Since 2009, limited edition of just 1,000, is on sale the Ypsilon Versus, realized with a young brand in the Versace line,[17] with Bronzino Bronze body, interior, and sports pavilion dedicated and looking for the brownish 16 ". Also at the show the Paris 2009 concept car was presented Ypsilon Elle[18] carried out in collaboration with the famous women's magazine fashion. Elle was characterized by a special pink color of the bodywork and interior trim. Also in 2009, were introduced Ypsilon E-Collection characterized by low environmental impact engines with reduced emissions of carbon dioxide and painting of the B-body color.

By 2011, the full range meets the Euro 5 and presents the new versions.[19] Is renewed and the interior trim color palette. Appear in the new projectors "telescopic" obscured and the new interior with parabolic mirrors painted in Gloss Black. In 2011 debut the Ypsilon Unyca,[20] the ultimate special version for the italian market.

Engines

The engine range is composed by the famous four-cylinder 1.2 Fire 60 HP to 69 HP expanded since October 2010. Next to the 1.2 version was joined by 16-valve, 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) later replaced in 2006 by 1.4 Fire 8 valve 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp). The 1.4 engine was produced in 95 HP 16-valve version, while the 1.4 8 valve has been produced since 2009 from 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) version EcoChic powered by LPG or petrol.

The 1.3 Multijet diesel engine was produced from 2003 to 2,006 in (50,952 mm) the variation from 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) to 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) subsequently expanded and was also introduced in version 90 and 105 HP more powerful and sporty. The Multijet with DPF had reduced emissions and fuel consumption.

Petrol

  • 1.2 8V 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp)
  • 1.2 16V 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) (1st series)
  • 1.4 8V 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) (2nd series)
  • 1.4 16V 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)

Diesel

  • 1.3 16V Multijet (69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp) 1st series,
  • 1.3 16V Multijet 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) - 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 2nd series, 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) MomoDesign


Third generation "Ypsilon" (2011-)

Lancia Ypsilon (846)
Lancia Ypsilon 1.2 8V Gold (II) – Frontansicht (1), 3. Juli 2011, Essen.jpg
Also called Chrysler Ypsilon (Ireland & UK)
Production 2011-
Assembly Tychy, Poland
Body style 5-door hatchback
Platform Fiat Mini platform
Engine 0.9L TwinAir I2 petrol
1.2L Fire I4 petrol
1.2L Fire EcoChic I4 LPG
1.3L Multijet I4 diesel
Wheelbase 2,390 mm (94 in)
Length 3,840 mm (151 in)
Width 1,640 mm (65 in)
Height 1,510 mm (59 in)
Related Fiat 500 (2007)
Fiat Uno (2010)
Fiat Panda
Ford Ka

The thid generation of Lancia Ypsilon (Type 846) is based on the Fiat Mini platform and debuted at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show. The car has taken most of its styling from the new Lancia Delta, with many of the higher options fitted as standard. Full production came on line at Fiat factory in Tychy, Poland.[21] Deliveries began in April 2011.

The Ypsilon will be sold as a Chrysler in the UK[22] and the Republic of Ireland.

Engines

Petrol

  • 1.2 8V 69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp)
  • 0.9 TwinAir 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp)

Diesel

  • 1.3 16V Multijet 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)

References

  1. ^ "5 million vehicles assembly in Melfi". Omniauto.it. 2003-12-15. http://www.omniauto.it/magazine/12366/fiat-5-milioni-di-auto-prodotte-a-melfi. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  2. ^ "Specification about Lancia Y". Lanciapress.com. http://www.lanciapress.com/press/article/112. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  3. ^ Lancia Y Club Italia MaTT. "History of Lancia Y". Lanciayclubitalia.it. http://www.lanciayclubitalia.it/datitecnici.php. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  4. ^ "Lancia Y - The Style". Lanciapress.com. 2000-09-14. http://www.lanciapress.com/press/detail/5134. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  5. ^ "Lancia Y at Bologna MotorShow 1999". Lanciapress.com. http://www.lanciapress.com/press/article/2309. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  6. ^ "Lancia Y model year 1999". Lanciapress.com. http://www.lanciapress.com/press/article/2128. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  7. ^ "Fiat sales in Europe (1996 - Archivio Storico)". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. 2009-12-24. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1996/marzo/06/Fiat_boom_Europa_co_0_9603069711.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  8. ^ "Lancia Y DoDo". LanciaPress. http://www.lanciapress.com/press/article/2479. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  9. ^ "Lancia Y - The engines 1.2 8v and 1.2 16v". Lanciapress.com. 2000-09-14. http://www.lanciapress.com/press/detail/5135. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  10. ^ "Lancia producion models" (PDF). http://lancia-historie.de/dokumente/prod_1908-2004.pdf. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  11. ^ "Lancia Y". euroncap.com. http://www.euroncap.com/tests/lancia_ypsilon_2000/26.aspx. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  12. ^ "Lancia Ypsilon MoMo Design special edition". Newstreet.it. http://www.newstreet.it/articolo_id_971.html. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  13. ^ "Lancia Ypsilon Sport MoMo Design facelift" (in (Italian)). Google.it. http://www.quattroruote.it/notizie/auto-novita/cattiva-by-momo-lancia-ypsilon-sport. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  14. ^ "Lancia Ypsilon Sport Zagato specification". Ultimatecarpage.com. 2005-04-04. http://www.ultimatecarpage.com/car/2281/Lancia-Ypsilon-Zagato-Sport.html. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  15. ^ "Lancia Ypsilon Sport Zagato". Omniauto.it. 2003-12-15. http://www.omniauto.it/magazine/844/lancia-ypsilon-sport. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  16. ^ "Lancia Mode: Ypsilon ModaMilano and Versus". Omniauto.it. 2003-12-15. http://www.omniauto.it/magazine/6739/la-moda-premia-lancia. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  17. ^ "Lancia Ypsilon Versus by Versace" (in (Italian)). Google.it. http://www.quattroruote.it/notizie/auto-novita/griffata-versace-lancia-ypsilon-versus. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  18. ^ "Lancia Ypsilon Elle (2009". Google.it. 2003-12-15. http://www.omniauto.it/magazine/9446/lancia-ypsilon-elle. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  19. ^ "Lancia Ypsilon Collection 2011". Lanciaitaliablog.com. 2011-02-02. http://www.lanciaitaliablog.com/2011/02/lancia-ypsilon-collezione-2011-porte.html. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  20. ^ "Lancia Ypsilon Unyca 2011 for Italy". Lanciaitaliablog.com. 2010-06-08. http://www.lanciaitaliablog.com/2011/06/lancia-ypsilon-unyca.html. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  21. ^ "Fiat to move production of Lancia Ypsilon to Tychy". Polishmarket.com. 2010-02-23. http://www.polishmarket.com/82612/Fiat-to-move-production-of-Lancia-Ypsilon-to-Tychy.shtml. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  22. ^ "A look at Lancia’s new five-door Ypsilon.". www.europeancarnews.com. http://europeancarnews.com/2011/05/27/a-look-at-lancias-new-five-door-ypsilon/. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lancia Ypsilon — Constructeur Lancia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lancia Ypsilon — Lancia Ypsilon …   Википедия

  • Lancia Ypsilon — ist die Bezeichnung für ein PKW Modell der Marke Lancia. Die Nomenklatur folgt der Tradition Modelle nach dem griechischen Alphabet zu benennen. Das Modell beerbte den Lancia Y und den Lancia Y10, der eine Entwicklung von Autobianchi war.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lancia Ypsilon — Para otros Lancia con el mismo nombre, véase Lancia Ypsilon (desambiguación). Lancia Ypsilon Fabricante Lancia Empresa matriz Fiat Group Automobiles Período 2003 presente …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lancia Ypsilon (843) — Lancia Lancia Ypsilon (2003–2006) Ypsilon Hersteller: Lancia Produktionszeitrau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lancia Ypsilon (846) — Lancia Lancia Ypsilon (seit 2011) New Ypsilon Hersteller: Lancia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lancia Ypsilon (desambiguación) — Dos modelos de automóvil realizados por Lancia han sido denominados con el nombre de la letra griega Ypsilon: El Lancia Ypsilon en producción desde 2003. El Lancia Ypsilon en producción desde 2011. Anteriormente con la letra griega Y se habían… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lancia — Rechtsform Marke der Fiat Group Gründung 1906 Sitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lancia Musa — Lancia Lancia Musa (2004–2007) Musa Hersteller: Lancia Produktionszeitraum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lancia — Automobiles S.p.A. Год основания …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”