Mureș River
Mureș
Maros
River
The Mureș in Arad
Countries Romania, Hungary
Counties Romania: Harghita, Mureș, Alba,
Hunedoara, Arad
Hungary: Csongrád
Tributaries
 - left Niraj, Târnava, Sebeş, Strei
 - right Arieş
Cities Târgu Mureș, Alba Iulia, Deva,
Arad, Szeged
Source
 - location Carpathian Mountains
Izvorul Mureşului, Harghita, Romania
 - elevation 850 m (2,789 ft)
Mouth Tisza River
 - location Szeged, Csongrád County, Hungary
 - coordinates 46°15′7″N 20°11′36″E / 46.25194°N 20.19333°E / 46.25194; 20.19333
Length 761 km (473 mi)

The Mureș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmureʃ]; Hungarian: Maros, Hungarian pronunciation:[’mɒroʃ]; Latin: Marisus, Serbian: Moriš, Serbian Cyrillic: Мориш, German: Mieresch, Marosch or Muresch) is an approximately 761 km (473 mi) long river in Eastern Europe. It originates in the Hășmașu Mare Range in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Romania, and joins the Tisza river at Szeged in southeastern Hungary.

The Mureș River flows through the Romanian counties Harghita, Mureș, Alba, Hunedoara and Arad, and the Hungarian county Csongrád. The largest cities on the Mureș/Maros are Târgu Mureș, Alba Iulia, Deva and Arad in Romania and Szeged in Hungary.

The Mureș was known as the river Marisus in antiquity. It was also known in German as the Mieresch and Marosch owing to Transylvanian Saxon settlements and one-time Austrian Habsburg rule. Salt used to be traded in medieval times on the river on large rafts.

The Hungarian reaches of the Mureş/Maros are 73 km long (22.3 km as the state border). Some 28.5 km² on the northern side of the river are protected as part of the Körös-Maros National Park. The Maros Floodplain Protected Area consists of gallery forests, floodplain meadows and 0.6 km² of forest reserve near Szeged.

Towns and villages

The following towns are situated along the river Mureș, from source to mouth: Topliţa, Reghin, Târgu Mureş, Luduş, Ocna Mureş, Aiud, Teiuş, Alba Iulia, Geoagiu, Orăştie, Simeria, Deva, Lipova, Arad, Nădlac (all in Romania), Makó, Szeged (both in Hungary).

The following villages are situated along the river Mureş (incomplete list): Izvoru Mureşului, Voşlăbeni, Suseni, Ciumani, Joseni, Remetea, Subcetate, Hodoşa, Sărmaş, Platoneşti, Runc, Gălăuţaş, Călimănel, Vâgani, Ciotobani, Stânceni, Meştera, Neagra, Lunca Bradului, Sălard, Andreneasa, Răstoliţa, Iod, Borzia, Gălăoaia, Bistra Mureşului, Deda, Filea, Ruşii-Munţi.

Tributaries

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Mureş: Left: Pietrosu, Cărbunele Negru, Senetea, Fierăstrăul, Şumuleul Mare, Borzont, Bacta, Limbuş, Pârâul Pietrei, Sineu, Martonca, Gălăuţaş, Măgheruş, Gudea, Sălard, Iadul, Borzia, Sebeş, Idicel, Deleni, Gurghiu, Beica, Habic, Petrilaca, Pocloş, Niraj, Sărata, Şeulia, Aţântiş, Fărău, Ciunga, Valea Papii, Şesul Băgăului, Valea la Şipot, Valea Dosului, Hopârta, Săcăduş, Bogdanul, Târnava, Hăpria, Sebeş, Pianu, Cioara, Cugir, Vaidei, Romoş, Orăştie, Turdaş, Strei, Tâmpa, Cerna Herepeia, Veţel, Vulcez, Leşnic, Săcămaş, Plaiu, Dobra, Abucea, Ohaba, Sălciva, Pojoga, Valea Ghinişului, Peştiş, Căprioara, Somoniţa, Izvor, Corbu, Suliniş, Pârâul Mare, Şiştarovăţ, Sinicuţ, Zădărlac

Right: Voşlăbeni, Chindeni, Valea Strâmba, Belcina, Lăzarea, Ditrău, Faier, Jolotca, Sărmaş, Ciucic, Doamna, Topliţa, Călimănel, Duşa, Mermezeu, Zebracu, Tarniţa, Jingu, Neagra, Ilva, Fântânele, Sărăcin, Răstoliţa, Jişa, Gălăoaia, Bistra, Gesele, Valea Sterinoasă, Râpa, Văleni, Săcal, Luţ, Şar, Iceni, Budiu, Cuieşd, Valea Fânaţelor, Şăuşa, Oroiu, Lechinţa, Pârâul de Câmpie, Arieş, Grindu, Unirea, Ciugud, Ormeniş, Mirăslău, Lopadea, Aiud, Herja, Gârbova, Valea Sasului, Geoagiu, Galda, Ampoi, Pârâul cel Mare, Pâclişa, Stăuini, Vinţ, Valea Goblii, Blandiana, Acmariu, Feneş Băcăinţi, Homorod, Geoagiu, Boiu, Bobâlna, Valea lui Sânpătru, Lazu, Vărmaga, Certej, Boholt, Căian, Bejan, Boz, Sârbi, Băcişoara, Gurasada, Zam, Almaş, Corbeasca, Troaş, Vineşti, Stejar, Juliţa, Grosul, Monoroştia, Bârna, Bârzava, Nadăş, Conop, Cornic, Odvoş, Milova, Jecnova, Şoimoş, Radna, Cladova

References

  • Administraţia Naţională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - Bucureşti
  • Institutul de Meteorologie şi Hidrologie - Rîurile României - Bucureşti 1971
  • Trasee turistice - judeţul Mureş [1]

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