El Mercurio

El Mercurio

Infobox Newspaper
name = El Mercurio


type = Daily newspaper
format = Broadsheet
foundation = September 12 1827 (Valparaíso ed.)
June 1, 1900 (Santiago ed.)
owners = Agustín Edwards Eastman
political = Conservative editorial opinion
headquarters = Avda. Santa María 5542
Vitacura, Chile
editor = Cristián Zegers Ariztía
website = http://www.mer.cl/

"El Mercurio" is a conservative Chilean newspaper with editions in Valparaíso and Santiago. Its Santiago edition is considered the country's paper-of-record and its Valparaíso edition is the oldest daily in the Spanish language currently in circulation. "El Mercurio" is owned by El Mercurio S.A.P. ("Sociedad Anónima Periodística", "Journalistic joint stock company"), which operates a network of 19 regional dailies and 32 radio stations across the country. ("See" List of newspapers in Chile.)

History

The Valparaíso edition of "El Mercurio" was founded by Pedro Félix Vicuña (Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna's father) on September 12 1827, and was later acquired by Agustín Edwards Ross in 1880. The Santiago edition was founded by Agustín Edwards Mac Clure, son of Edwards Ross, on June 1 1900. In 1942 Edwards Mac Clure died and his son Agustín Edwards Budge took over as president. When Edwards Budge died in 1956, his son, Agustín Edwards Eastman, took control of the company.

Criticism

"El Mercurio" has been criticized for having received funds from the CIA in the early 1970s to undermine the Socialist government of Salvador Allende through continuous anti-Allende propaganda and for "setting the stage for the military coup of 11 September 1973" [(Kornbluh, 2003)] , a fact the newspaper has always denied in spite of declassified documents which detail US interventions. [ [http://foia.state.gov/Reports/ChurchReport.asp Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973.] , released by the U.S. Department of State; printed version: United States Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, Staff Report, "Covert Action in Chile (1963-1973)" (Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975).]

References

* Peter Kornbluh (Sep/Oct 2003). [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3613/is_200309/ai_n9294265 The El Mercurio file] . "Columbia Journalism Review".
*CIA Freedom of Information Act-available article: "Report of CIA Chilian Task Force Activities, 15 September to 3 November 1970" (November 18, 1970). [http://anonym.to/?http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Enamebase%2Eorg%2Ffoia%2Fch01%2Ehtml Report from CIA's 1970 Anti-Allende Task Force]

External links

*"El Mercurio de Santiago" (printed editions from October 27 2007 to present): [http://www.mer.cl/ Image version] , [http://impreso.elmercurio.com/ Flash version] , [http://diario.elmercurio.com/ Text version]
* [http://www.emol.cl/ "El Mercurio en Internet"] (up-to-the-minute online edition)
* [http://www.mercuriovalpo.cl/ "El Mercurio de Valparaíso"]


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