Pointillism

Pointillism

Pointillism is a style of painting in which small distinct points of primary colors create the impression of a wide selection of secondary and intermediate colors. __TOC__The technique relies on the perceptive ability of the eye and mind of the viewer to mix the color spots into a fuller range of tones and is related closely to Divisionism, a more technical variant of the method. It is a style with few serious practitioners and is notably seen in the works of Seurat, Signac and Cross. The term Pointillism was first coined by art critics in the late 1880s to ridicule the works of these artists and is now used without its earlier mocking connotation.

The practice of Pointillism is in sharp contrast to the more common methods of blending pigments on a palette or using the many commercially available premixed colors. Pointillism is analogous to the four-color CMYK printing process used by some color printers and large presses, and to a lesser degree to computer monitors and television sets which use tiny dots of primary red, green, and blue to render color.

Neuroplasticity is a key element of observing a pointillistic image. While two individuals will observe the same photons reflecting off a photorealistic image and hitting their retinas, someone whose mind has been primed with the theory of pointillism will "see" a very different image as the image is interpreted in the visual cortex. [cite book
last =Schwartz
first =Jeffrey M.
authorlink =
coauthors = Begley, Sharon
title =The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force
publisher =Harper Perennial
date =2003
location =
pages =p 337
url =
doi =
id =
isbn = 0060988479
]

Practice

If red, blue and green light (the additive primaries) are mixed, the result is something close to white light. The brighter effect of pointillist colours could rise from the fact that subtractive mixing is avoided and something closer to the effect of additive mixing is obtained even through pigments.

The painting technique used to perform pointillistic color mixing is at the expense of traditional brushwork which could be used to delineate texture.

Pointillism also refers to a style of 20th-century music composition, used by composers like Anton Webern.

Notable Artists

*Chuck Close
*Henri-Edmond Cross
*John Roy
*Georges-Pierre Seurat
*Paul Signac
*Maximilien Luce
Vincent van Gogh also learned and used Pointillism

ee also

* Stippling
* Circulism
* Color separation

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • pointillism — pointillísm (fr.) [pron. poantiísm] (poin ) s. n. Trimis de gall, 27.02.2008. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • pointillism — 1901, from Fr. pointiller to cover with pointilles, small dots, plural diminutive of point (see POINT (Cf. point) (n.)). Pointillist is attested from 1891 …   Etymology dictionary

  • pointillism — ► NOUN ▪ a technique of neo Impressionist painting using tiny dots of various pure colours, which become blended in the viewer s eye. DERIVATIVES pointillist noun & adjective. ORIGIN from French pointiller mark with dots …   English terms dictionary

  • pointillism — [pwan′tə liz΄əm] n. [Fr pointillisme < pointiller, to mark with dots < pointille, dot < It puntiglio, dim. of punto < L punctus: see POINT] the method of painting of certain French impressionists, in which a white ground is… …   English World dictionary

  • Pointillism — Neoimpressionism Ne o*im*pres sion*ism (n[=e] [ o]*[i^]m*pr[e^]sh [u^]n*[i^]z m), n. (Painting) A theory or practice which is a further development, on more rigorously scientific lines, of the theory and practice of Impressionism, originated by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pointillism —    A method of painting developed in France in the 1880s in which tiny dots of color are applied to the canvas. When viewed from a distance, the points of color appear to blend together to make other colors and to form shapes and outlines.… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • pointillism — noun Usage: often capitalized Etymology: French pointillisme, from pointiller to stipple, from point spot, from Old French more at point Date: 1901 the theory or practice in art of applying small strokes or dots of color to a surface so that from …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pointillism — pointillist, n., adj. /pwan tl iz euhm, tee iz , poyn tl iz /, n. (sometimes cap.) a theory and technique developed by the neo impressionists, based on the principle that juxtaposed dots of pure color, as blue and yellow, are optically mixed into …   Universalium

  • pointillism — noun In art, the use of small areas of color to construct an image. Syn: divisionism …   Wiktionary

  • pointillism — poin|til|lis|m [ˈpwæntılızəm, ˈpɔın ] n [U] [Date: 1900 2000; : French; Origin: pointillisme, from point spot ] a style of painting popular in the late 19th century that uses small spots of colour all over the painting, rather than brush strokes… …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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