- Le Bon Marché
:"For the former chain of American department stores, see
The Bon Marché. bonmarché is also the name of a British clothing retail chain owned by The Peacock Group plc.
Le Bon Marché ("the good market", or "the good deal" in French) is the name of one of the most famous
department stores in Paris, France. It is sometimes regarded as the first department store in the world. Although this depends on what is meant by 'department store', it may have had the first specially-designed building for a store in Paris. The founder was Aristide Boucicaut.
The store was founded as a small shop in
Parisduring 1838, and was a fixed-price department store from about 1850. It was a successful business, and a new building was constructed for the store by Louis Auguste Boileau in 1867. Louis Charles Boileau, his son, continued the store in the 1870s, consulting the firm of Gustave Eiffelfor parts of its structure. Louis Hippolyte Boileau, the grandson of Louis Auguste, worked on an extension to the store in the 1920s.
After adopting the emblem in 1914,
Pierre de Coubertinordered to make the Olympic flagin this store for release in the 1916 Summer Olympics. It debuted in the 1920 Summer Olympics.(2)
* [http://www.lebonmarche.fr/anglais/indexbis.htm Le Bon Marché] official website (English version)
"The Bon Marché. Bourgeois Culture and the Department Store, 1869-1920", by Michael B. Miller - a history of the store; and Emile Zola's novel "The Ladies' Paradise", based on the commercial life in Paris of the 1800s and on the family behind the successful Bon Marche department store, Aristide and Marguerite Boucicaut.
"Au Bonheur des Dames." Émile Zola, 1883. The eleventh novel in Zola's Rougon-Macquart series. Documents the birth of modern retailing, changes in city planning and architecture, considers feminism, deconstructs desire in the marketplace and tells in a Cinderella format the life of the Boucicauts who, in the novel, appear as Octave Mouret and Denise Baudu. One of Zola's more positive novels about the changes in society during the Second Empire.
Bernard Marrey, 'Les Grands Magasins des origines a 1939' (Paris: Picard, 1979)
(2)Source: "Enciclopedia Mundial del Deporte tomo 1 UTEHA Madrid 1981"
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