- Target (Australia)
name = Target Australia
type = Subsidiary
slogan = "100% happy"
foundation = 1925 as Lindsay's Emporium
1968 as Lindsay's Target
1973 as Target.
North Geelong, Victoria
key_people = Launa Inman, Managing Director, Target
locations = 268
revenue = increase $3,306 million
operating_income = increase $290 million
homepage = [http://www.target.com.au/ www.target.com.au]
intl = yes
Target Australia Pty Ltd is an
Australian department store chain owned by Wesfarmers(formerly by Coles Group). It operates 268 stores [cite web | title = Coles Group Full Year Stats | publisher = Coles Group Limited | url = http://www.colesgroup.com.au/library/NewsMedia/Full%20Year%202007%20Stats.pdf | format = PDF | date = 2007-09-19 | accessdate = 2007-09-21 ] with its head office located in North Geelong, Victoria. It sells clothing, cosmetics, toys, homewares, electrical and electronics goods. Rights to the Target logo and name were granted to MyerEmporium Ltd. (now Coles Group), by the Dayton Hudson Corporation (now known as Target Corporation).Fact|date=July 2008 The Target logo in Australia differs from the U.S. version by the different font, use of lower case letters and the addition of a full stop.
In 1925, George Lindsay and Alex McKenzie opened their first store in Geelong selling dress fabrics, and furnishings, and progressively established stores in Victoria, maintaining the policy "Half the Profit, Twice the Turnover". In 1968 Myer Emporium Ltd (now Coles Group, previously Coles Myer), purchased the chain of 14 stores with the idea of re-inventing the chain as a "discount department store", with the company subsequently renamed Lindsay's Target Pty Ltd. In March 1973, it was renamed Target Australia Pty Ltd. In August 1985, Myer Emporium Ltd and GJ Coles & Coy Ltd merged to become
Coles MyerLimited. In 1996, Coles Myer merged the Target and Fosseysbrands, and their first specialty store Baby Target was born. Then in 1998, their second specialty store, Target Home opened. Fosseys stores were later renamed Target Country, becoming the third specialty store.
In 2001 Target announced its first ever loss, to the sum of $43m. New senior management was put in place, following which Target repositioned itself from a discount department store (competing with Coles Myer stablemate Kmart and
Woolworths Limited's Big W), to a more stylish, value-for-money alternative to a specialty stores.Fact|date=August 2007 Store fittings and layouts were altered, with Target competing with retailers such as Jeans West, Sportsgirl, and other specialty stores targeted at the teenage, to early thirties market.Fact|date=August 2007 Target's current managing director is Launa Inman, named TelstraBusiness Women of the Year in 2003, a result of her achievements as an apparel retail buyer for the companyFact|date=August 2007. Her position saw Target's $32 million loss at the end of 2000 into a $68 million profit 18 months later when Larry Davis (formally of Sears and Kmart USA) was at the helm. [http://www.colesgroup.com.au/library/NewsMedia/20010820_larry_davis.htm] Fact|date=August 2007
Preparatory to its November 2007 takeover of Coles Group,
Wesfarmersstated in August 2007 as one of its options it would consider converting some Kmart stores to the Target brand. [cite web|title=Wesfarmers plans Coles investment, restructuring|publisher=Reuters|date=16 Aug 2007|accessdate=2007-08-16|url=http://www.reuters.com/article/innovationNews/idUSSYD11087920070816?sp=true]
Baby Target and Target Home
In 1996, Target introduced "Baby Target" as a standalone store format specifically for baby products. The concept had limited success and only one Baby Target store still operates, at
Golden Grove, South Australia. Another format trialled by Target is the homewares-themed store "Target Home", which were stores conjoined to Target storesFact|date=September 2008, but run completely separate to one anotherFact|date=September 2008. Target Home had limited success in the eastern statesFact|date=September 2008, and as a result the concept was not continued. Target Home stores have since been phased out to become larger Target stores, and still stock a larger range of homewares in a number of locations in Australia including Joondalup and Carousel in WA, Edwardstown in SA, Highpoint and Greensborough in VIC, and Warringah Mall in NSW.Fact|date=September 2008
Fosseys and Target Country
Fosseys was established in 1926 at
George Street, Sydneyby Alfred Bristow Fossey and grew to 148 stores throughout Australia, with an annual turnover of $300 million. Coles Myer used the Fosseys brand to unify a range of smaller variety stores trading under a range of other names, including Coles Variety stores, which had been the foundation of GJ Coles & Coy Ltd.
Coles Myer merged the operations of Fosseys with Target in 1996, redesigning Fosseys stores to focus on family apparel retailing in rural Australia. It also introduced Fosseys-branded merchandise with attributes of value, convenience and confidence. By 2001, all Fosseys stores located close to Target stores were closed; the remaining Fosseys stores, rebranded Target Country, continue to focus on apparel sales in smaller towns without full-merchandise Target stores.
July 1, 2007, employees of Fosseys (Australia) Pty Ltd were transferred to Target Australia Pty Ltd, and Fosseys as a legal entitywas dissolved. As at June 2008, there were 118 Target Country stores throughout Australia. [cite web|publisher=Target Australia|title=Target Country stores address list|url=http://www.target.com.au/html/stores/img/TCstores2258.pdf|accessdate =2008-06-20]
Target's marketing strategy employs the tag line "100% Happy". This is featured in-store and in advertising. Previously, the company used "We're Not Happy, Unless You Are", after "Target - for Fashion, Quality and Value".
In Target's advertisements, particularly those on
television, the Target logo has for many years been used for transforming into numerous types of merchandises and other objects; surprisingly though, the logo has so far been used as an actual target only once, and then only as a target for a toy gun.
Target has two major sales a year; its annual "Massive Home Sale" and the popular "Toy Sale" which is always held during July. Seasonal launches such as the "Denim Nation" undertaken throughout the year.
Designers For Target
In March 2007, the exclusive Australian launch of the
Stella McCartneydesigner collection, was heralded as one of the biggest retail coups of the year. Target engaged Stella McCartney to design a 42-piece winter collection and Australian media noted frenzied acitvity in Target stores on the morning of the launch. [cite web| url=http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2007/s1869612.htm|publisher=ABC The World Today |title=Consumers flock to buy McCartney's Target designs|date=12 Mar 2007|accessdate=2007-08-21] A number of metropolitan stores had sold out of the range as soon as 10 minutes after opening. Items from the collection were appearing on sale on eBayat inflated prices within only a short times of stores opening.
In May 2007 Target announced its next designer range from
Josh Gootto a mixed reaction [cite web|publisher=Daily Telegraph|date=20 May 2007|accessdate=2007-08-21|title=Can Josh Goot do a Stella?|url=http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,,21760753-5006009,00.html] , and would subsequently produce a collaboration with American designer Zac Posen in April 2008. Also in April 2008, Australian fashion designer Collette Dinnigan released a range of lingerie known as the 'Wild Hearts' collection. [cite web|publisher=Fashionising.com|date=2008-03-13|accessdate=2008-04-06|title=Zac Posen for Target Australia|url=http://www.fashionising.com/diary/b--Zac-Posen-for-Target-Australia-1050.html] .
Pronunciation of the name
The name of the store is sometimes jocularly pronEng|tɑrˈʒeɪ, as if it were a high-end French
boutique. [cite web|publisher=The Age, Melbourne|date=2008-02-11|title=How Stella keeps her groove|accessdate=2008-07-05|url= http://www.theage.com.au/news/fashion/keeping-her-groove/2007/02/08/1170524232175.html] [cite web|publisher=The Defamer|url=http://www.defamer.com.au/2007/08/the_veronicas_dye_hair_launch.html|title=The Veronicas Dye Hair, Launch Single, Make It Okay For Your Seven-Year-Old To Dress Like A Tattooed Pop Punk Hottie, Too!|date=2007-08-23|accessdate=2008-07-05]
* [http://www.target.com.au/ Target]
* [http://www.designersfortarget.com.au/ Designers For Target]
* [http://www.fashionising.com/industry/b--Zac-Posen-for-Target-and-on-target-1076.html "Zac Posen: for Target and on target"] , a 2008 interview with Zac Posen from
Fashionising.comon the Zac Posen for Target range
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