- Amadu Seku
Amadu Seku (Var.: "Ahmadu Shaykhu ibn Ahmadu", "Ahmadu II") (Ruled 19 Mar 1845 - 27 Feb 1853) was a ruler (
Imamor Amir al-Mu´minin) of the nineteenth-century Massina Empirein what is now Mali.
Amadu Seku's father,
Seku Amadu, founded the FulaMassina Empire as an independent Muslimstate in 1820. Seku Amadu died in 1845 after a number of conquests, leaving his son control of the Macinaregion, Djenné, and Tomboctou. However, Amadu Seku abdicated the throne in favor of his own son, Amadu Amaduin 1852. The Massina Empire fell to El Hadj Umar Tall's Toucouleur Empirein 1862, leading to Amadu Amadu's capture and execution; another of Amadu Seku's sons, Balobo, led a rebellion against Umar Tall that led to the Toucouleur's death, but not the freedom of the Massina people.
* [http://www.histoire-afrique.org/article76.html?artsuite=7 Pre-colonial Malian History (French language)]
* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Mali_native.html Dina (the Sise Jihad state) Ruler List] .
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