Karun-3 dam

Infobox_Dam
dam_name= Karun-3 Dam


caption= Karun-3 Dam
official_name= Karun-3 Dam
crosses= Karun River
reservoir=
locale=Khuzestan-Iran
maint= Iran Water & Power Resources Development Co.
length= 462 m
height= 205 m
width=
began=
open= 2005
closed=
cost=
reservoir_capacity= 2,970 million m3
reservoir_catchment=
reservoir_surface= 48 km²
bridge_carries=
bridge_width=
bridge_clearance=
bridge_traffic=
bridge_toll=
bridge_id=
map_cue=
map_

map_text=
map_width=
coordinates= coord|31|48|N|50|05|E|display=inline,title
lat=
long=
extra=
The Karun-3 dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Karun river in the province of Khuzestan, Iran. It was built to meet Iran's energy demands as well as to provide flood control. [cite web
url=http://www.karun3.com/basic%5Finfo/?item=1
title=Basic information
publisher=
accessdate=2007-02-04
] The Karun has the highest discharge of Iran's rivers. [cite web
url=http://www.karun3.com/history/?item=1
title=Dam history
publisher=
accessdate=2007-02-04
] The objectives of the construction of Karun III Dam & Hydro-electric Power Plant are electric Power supply and flood control.Karun III power generators are connected to the National Power network as the Peak Power generation. With this power plant being operated, with the capacity of 2000 MW, and an average electric power generation of 4137 GWh/y, a major portion of the electric power shortage in the country will be met.

Description

The dam is a concrete double arch type, 205 m high from the foundation and 185 m high from the river bed. Its foundation width is 5 m. [cite web
url=http://www.karun3.com/technical/?item=1
title=Karum3 dam body - technical information
publisher=
accessdate=2007-02-04
]

The arch dam design is an ideal one for a dam built in a narrow, rocky gorge to hold back water in a reservoir. The dam is curved. Because of the arch shape, the force of the backed up water presses downward against the dam and has the effect of strengthening the dam foundation. [cite web
url=http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/dam/basics.html
title=Dam basics
publisher=
accessdate=2007-02-04
]

Notes

ee also

*Dez Dam

External links

* [http://www.karun3.com/home.asp Karun3: Official Website]


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