official_name = Hamro Ramro Kathmandu Metropolitan City
other_name = ñē̆ dēy (ञेँ देय्) Kantipur
native_name = येँ महानगरपालिका
imagesize = 240px
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Nepal
subdivision_type1 = Development Region
subdivision_name1 = Central
subdivision_type2 = Zone
subdivision_name2 = Bagmati
subdivision_type3 = District
subdivision_name3 = Kathmandu
subdivision_type4 = Kasthamandap
leader_title = CEO
leader_name = Ankur Jung Ranacite web | accessdate = July 13 |accessyear=2007 | url = http://www.kathmandu.gov.np/mayorsmessage/index.html|title=Census Nepal 2001]
established_title = Established
established_date = 723 cite web | accessdate = July 13 |accessyear=2007 | url = http://www.kathmandu.gov.np/cityatglance/index.html|title=Census Nepal 2001]
area_total_km2 = 50.67
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 701,962
timezone = GMT +5:45
latd= 27|latm= 42|lats= |latNS=N
longd= 85|longm= 20|longs= |longEW=E
website = http://www.kathmandu.gov.np/
Kathmandu ( _ne. काठमांडौ, _ne. येँ) is the
capitaland the largest city of Nepal. The city is situated in Kathmandu Valleythat also contains two other cities - Patan and Bhaktapur. Nepali is the lingua francaof the valley and is the most widely spoken language. Nepal Bhasa/ Newariis the language spoken by native people, the Newars. The city stands at an elevation of approximately convert|4500|ft|m|abbr=on and is inhabited by about 700,000 people. Kathmandu is the most developed city in Nepal.
Kathmandu is situated in the heart of the
Himalayamountains, and has a long history. Considered by some to be among the most beautiful cities in the world, the "earliest" known inscription in the Kathmandu Valleyis dated 185 AD. The oldest firmly dated building in the earthquake-prone valley is almost 1,992 years old. Four stupas around the city of Patan said to have been erected by Charumati, attest to the ancient history present within the valley. The Kirats are the first documented rulers of Kathmandu Valley, the remains of their palace are in Patan near kendra Hiranyavarna Mahavihara (called "Patukodon"). The Licchavi Dynasty whose earliest inscriptions date back to 464 AD were the next rulers of the valley. The Malla Dynasty consisted of Newarrulers, who ruled Kathmandu Valley and the surrounding area from the 12th century till the 17th century when the Shah Dynasty founder Prithvi Narayan Shahconquered the valley as he created present-day Nepal. Most of ancient Nepali Architecturepresent in Nepaltoday is from the Malla/ Newarera.
The city of Kathmandu is named after a structure in
Durbar Squarecalled Kaasthamandap. In Sanskrit, "Kaasth" ( _sa. काष्ठ) is "wood" and "Mandap" ( _sa. मंडप/मण्डप) is "covered shelter." This unique temple, also known as Maru Sattal, was built in 1596 A.D. by King Laxmi Narsingh Malla.The entire structure contains no iron nails or supports and is made entirely from wood. Legend has it that the timber used for this two story pagoda was obtained from a single tree.
Kathmandu is also sometimes called "Kantipur".
Newars, the native people of the Kathmandu valley use the original term from Nepal Bhasa, Yne.
Being the capital city of
Nepal, Kathmandu is home to most of the government offices, embassies, corporate houses, and the palace. A golden heaven to the most famous artists in the world, it has the old palace of Newarkings, Kathmandu Durbar Square, which is listed as UNESCOworld heritage site, is in Basantapur, next to Freak Street, which was the popular hippie spot during the seventies. The Shah King's Palace stands right next to Thamel- the tourist hub of the country. A small world within itself, Thamel is famous for the most attractive hotels and shopping centers in the world. It consists of two parallel streets just to the west of the palace. It is home to world famous hotels, ranging from different stars. The palace is at the head of Durbar Marg, a street lined with various shops. Most of the streets in Kathmandu are named from Nepal Bhasa, owing its origin to the rich Newari Culture and heritage. In a sense, Kathmandu is the most read text in the field of culture, history and Newari civilization in South Asia.
The "old" city is noted for its many
Buddhistand Hindutemples and palaces, most dating to the 17th century. Many of these landmarks have been damaged by earthquakes and pollution. This valley hosts an UNESCO World Heritage Sites composed by seven different Monument Zones: The centers of the three primary cities, Kathmandu Hanuman Dhoka, Patan and Bhaktapur, the two most important Buddhist stupas, Swayambhunathand Boudhanathand two famous Hindu shrines, Pashupatinath templeand Changu Narayan. Since 2003 the site has been inscribed in the World Heritage Listas being "in danger" out of concern for the ongoing loss of authenticity and the outstanding universal value of the cultural property.
Kathmandu has been popular with western tourists since the 1960's when it became a key stop on the
Hippy Trail, when Jho: Chheen (Nepal Bhasa, continuous house)(Freak Street) was the one of the main location. It is also the subject of a popular Bob Segersong for the same reason. It is rumoured that many rock singers used to visit Jho: Cheen and downtown Kathmandu in search of tranquility and Nirvana. Tribhuvan International Airportalso is located about 25 km from the city center, offering domestic and international flights.According to the Scholar Bivash Khadka from Great Britain, he emphasis us not to forget Kanti, the lovely Goddess!, Kanti is a name of the Goddess Lakshmi (the home-maker who presides over spiritual and material wealth) and also of the strict and fiery warrior, but all-compassionate Mother Durga;and Pur being the place where such goddess resides. Hence the name Kantipur comes from the ancient belief that the place when goddess Lakshmi lives.
The city is located in the northwestern part of
Kathmandu Valley. The Kathmandu Valleycovers an area of 218 sq. miles. It is situated at 1336 m above the sea level. "Bagmati", "Bishnumati", "Dhobikhola", and "Tukucha" rivers wind through the city.
The metropolitan has been divided into around 5 sectors by metropolitan authorities as follows [ Ward Profiles, Kathmandu Metropolitan City ]
The central sector consists of wards 1, 5, 11, 31, 32 and 33.
The east sector consists of wards 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 34 and 35.
The north sector consists of wards 2, 3, 4, 16, 29.
. This is the most densely populated part of the city. This part consists of most of the historical and cultural monuments of the city.
The west sector consists of wards 13, 14 and 15.
According to 2001 census, there are 235,387 households in the metropolitan citycite web | accessdate = July 13 |accessyear=2007 | url = http://www.cbs.gov.np/Population/National%20Report%202001/VDC.pdf |title=Census Nepal 2001] . Kathmandu metropolitan authorities estimate the number of people living in the city to be around 1,081,845 people [ [http://www.cbs.gov.np/Population/National%20Report%202001/default.htm National Report 2001 ] ] The largest ethnic groups are Newars, Brahmins and Kshetris. The major languages are Nepali and
Nepal Bhasa. The major religions are Hinduismand Buddhism.
The city is looked after by Kathmandu metropolitan office located at
Bagdarbar. The city hosts Singhadarbar, the government seat of Nepal (with office of Prime Minister, Supreme Court and Senate). Most of the ministries are present in the Singha Darbar premises. The Royal Palace is located in central part of city in ward number 1.
Kathmandu houses most of the banks, business houses, offices, organizations and share market of Nepal. The busiest economic centers are
New Road of Kathmandu, Ason, Putalisadak and Darbar Marg. New Roadis regarded as financial hub with presence of most of the banks in this street. Freak Streetand Thamelare main tourist areas important for tourism.
The city has been referenced in numerous songs, including works by
Cat Stevens("Katmandu", " Mona Bone Jakon" (1970)), Bob Seger("Katmandu", " Beautiful Loser" (1975)), Krematorij("Kathmandu", "Three Springs" (2000)), Fito Páez("Tráfico por Katmandú" -- "Traffic through Kathmandu"); Will Ackerman("A Happy Home in Kathmandu", "The Opening of Doors" (1993)); Tantra ("The Hills of Katmandu", early 1980s); and Godiego("Coming Together in Kathmandu" (1980).
Numerous works of literature have been set in Kathmandu, including
Kim Stanley Robinson's 1989 work, " Escape from Kathmandu".
In some travelogues, the Kathmandu valley has been referred to as the "Emerald Valley".
The location is mentioned in the film
Bewitchedas the title of a fictional movie Will Ferrell's character stars in prior to his role in the Bewitched remake.
Kathmandu in Popular Music
Kathmandu, mostly due to its popularity among
Hippies, has been represented in various albums and songs including:
*"Katmandu", a song by
Dum Maro Dum", a song in the movie, Hare Rama Hare Krishnaby Asha Bhosle.
*"Our Shangrila", a song by
Shangrila", a song by The Kinks.
*"Kathmandu", a song by
*"Tráfico por Katmandú" by
*"Katmandu", an American heavy metal band featuring Dave King and Mandy Meyer.
*"Nobody Told Me", a 1984 song by
John Lennonwith the line "There's a little yellow idol to the north of Khatmandu". This is a quotation from the 1911 poem " The Green Eye of the Yellow God" by John Milton Hayes.
A Passage to Bangkok", a song by Rush from the album 2112. "...Pulling into Katmandu, smoke rings fill the air. Perfumed by a Nepal night, the Express gets you there..."
Eugene, Oregon, USA
Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan
Xi'an, People's Republic of China
*flagicon|North Korea P'yŏngyang,
Tribhuvan International Airport
* [http://www.mapmandu.com Explore and discover Kathmandu on a digital Map]
* [http://www.colorfulnepal.com/world-heritage-sites.html Information on Cultural Heritage in Kathmandu With Pictures]
* [http://indigoarchitects.net/Live/Nepal-Kathmandu-Hyatt_Regency_Kathmandu-2064986-3.html Images of Hyatt Regency, Kathmandu]
* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/ghintang Flickr.com - Sights & Scenes from Kathmandu]
* [http://www.explorenepal.com Weather in Kathmandu and more]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.