Coins of the Venezuelan venezolano

The Coins of the Venezuelan venezolano circulated between 1874 and 1897. On June 11, 1873, the government ordered subsidiary silver coins of 5, 10, 20, and 50 centésimos de venezolano from Paris. An order for gold coins was placed on September 16, 1874, originally for pieces of 1, 5, 10, and 20 venezolanos, the 20-venezolano gold piece to be called the Bolívar. This order was subsequently altered to a silver 1 venezolano and a gold 5 venezolanos. The dies for the coins produced in Paris were engraved by Albert Désiré Barre, chief engraver of the Paris mint (1855–1878).

On June 14, 1876, the Minister of Finance ordered coins of 75% copper and 25% nickel for 1 and 2½ centésimos de venezolano from the United States to replace copper centavos. They were minted at Philadelphia.

gold 900 fine
■ 5 venezolanos
Obv. beaded border; in the field the bust of Bolívar facing right; "BOLÍVAR" left + "LIBERTADOR" right + anchor, bee, "BARRE", "A" [marks of the manager, chief engraver, and Paris mint, respectively]. Rev. in the field the large national arms; "ESTADOS UNIDOS DE VENEZUELA" above; "GR*8,0645" *1875* LEI 900" below.

silver 900 fine
■ venezolano
Obv. beaded border; in the field the bust of Bolívar facing left; "BOLÍVAR" left + "LIBERTADOR" right + anchor, bee, "BARRE", "A" [marks of the manager, chief engraver, and Paris mint, respectively]. Rev. in the field the large national arms; "ESTADOS UNIDOS DE VENEZUELA" above, "GRAM.25 *1876* LEI 900" below.

silver 835 fine
■ 50 centavos
■ 20 centavos
■ 10 centavos
■ 5 centavos
Common obv. beaded border; in the field the bust of Bolívar facing left; "BOLÍVAR" left + "LIBERTADOR" right + anchor, bee, "BARRE", "A" [marks of the manager, chief engraver, and Paris mint, respectively]. Common rev. in the field the national arms (5c with small, others with large arms); "ESTADOS UNIDOS DE VENEZUELA" above, "[weight] *[year]* LEI 835" below.
[weight]: 5c, "GR.1,250"; 10c, "GR.2,500"; 20c, "GRAM,5"; 50c, "Gs.12,500".

copper-nickel
■ 2½ centavos
■ 1 centavo
Obv. beaded border; in the field the small national arms; "ESTADOS UNIDOS DE VENEZUELA" above, [year] below. Rev. "[value]" inside laurel wreath.
[value]: 1c, "UN | CENTAVO"; 2½c, "DOS | Y MEDIO | CENTAVOS".

Venezolano
Gold, Silver, and Cupronickel Coins Dated 1873–1877

(by year in millions of pieces, approximate)
Coin: 0·01 0·025 0·05 0·10 0·20 0·50 1 5
name:     puya locha medio real peseta bamba fuerte -----
CuNi CuNi AR 835 AR 835 AR 835 AR 835 AR 900 AV 900
grams 2·500 4·000 1·250 2·500 5·000 12·500 25·000 8·0645
mm: 19 23 15 18 23 30 37 22
1873 0·200
1874 0·800 0·800 0·400 0·200
1875 0·0692
1876 8·000 1·500 0·520 0·280 0·136 0·158 0·035
1877 2·000 0·500

References

Grillet Correa, Asdrúbal (2000), Monedas metálicas venezolanas, Caracas: Banco Central de Venezuela, ISBN 980-6395-19-0, http://www.bcv.org.ve/Upload/Publicaciones/tecnic6.pdf .

Krause, Chester L.; Mishler, Clifford, eds. (2001), Standard catalog of world coins 1801–1900 (3rd ed.), Iola, WI: Krause, pp. 1164–1169, ISBN 0-87349-305-2 .

Historia de la Moneda Venezolana, http://monedasdevenezuela.net/Historia/historia.htm, retrieved 2008-05-27  (Spanish) Venezuela's monetary history, including a summary of coinage legislation.

Numismatic Catalog of Venezuela, http://numismatica.cheng-ca.com/en/index.htm, retrieved 2008-05-27  Detailed information, with images, of all Venezuelan coins and paper money, regularly updated.


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