Religious denominations in Poland

The constitution of Poland provides for freedom of religion, and the Polish government generally respects this right in practice.

The Polish Constitution and religion


Chapter 2, Article 53:
1. Freedom of faith and religion shall be ensured to everyone.
2. Freedom of religion shall include the freedom to profess or to accept a religion by personal choice as well as to manifest such religion, either individually or collectively, publicly or privately, by worshipping, praying, participating in ceremonies, performing of rites or teaching. Freedom of religion shall also include possession of sanctuaries and other places of worship for the satisfaction of the needs of believers as well as the right of individuals, wherever they may be, to benefit from religious services.
3. Parents shall have the right to ensure their children a moral and religious upbringing and teaching in accordance with their convictions. The provisions of Article 48, para. 1 shall apply as appropriate.
4. The religion of a church or other legally recognized religious organization may be taught in schools, but other peoples' freedom of religion and conscience shall not be infringed thereby.
5. The freedom to publicly express religion may be limited only by means of statute and only where this is necessary for the defence of State security, public order, health, morals or the freedoms and rights of others.
6. No one shall be compelled to participate or not participate in religious practices.
7. No one may be compelled by organs of public authority to disclose his philosophy of life, religious convictions or belief.

Chapter 2, Article 85
3. Any citizen whose religious convictions or moral principles do not allow him to perform military service may be obliged to perform substitute service in accordance with principles specified by statute.

Chapter 2, Article 35
2. National and ethnic minorities shall have the right to establish educational and cultural institutions, institutions designed to protect religious identity, as well as to participate in the resolution of matters connected with their cultural identity.

Major denominations in Poland

A list of churches according to special legislation

The Catholic Church in Poland

("see:" Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church)

(Kościół Katolicki w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

33,550,000 adherents, or 88 percent of the population

* Latin Rite (Obrządek Łaciński)

* Armenian Rite (Obrządek Ormiański)

110,380 Eastern-Rite Catholics
* Byzantine-Slavonic Rite (Obrządek Bizantyjsko-Słowiański)
* Byzantine-Ukrainian Rite (Obrządek Bizantyjsko-Ukraiński)

legislation:
Concordat between the Apostolic See and the Republic of Poland signed 28 July 1993 (Konkordat między Stolicą Apostolską i Rzeczpospolitą Polską podpisany w Warszawie dnia 28 lipca 1993 r. (Dz. U. Nr 51, poz. 318)
Act of State Relations to the Catholic Church Relations of 17 May 1989 (Ustawa z dnia 17 maja 1989r. o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Katolickiego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (Dz. U. Nr 29, poz. 154)
leaders:
Józef Glemp, Prymas of Poland,
Józef Michalik, Chairman of Polish Episcopate,
Józef Kowalczyk, Apostolic Nuncio to Poland
Jan Martyniuk, Archbishop Metropolite of Byzantine-Ukrainian Rite

The Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church

("see:" Eastern Orthodoxy)

506,000 Orthodox Church members

(Polski Autokefaliczny Kościół Prawosławny)legislation: Act of State Relations to the Polish Autocephalous Orthodox ChurchState of 4 July 1991 (Ustawa z dnia 4 lipca 1991 r. o stosunku Państwa do Polskiego Autokefalicznego Prawosławnego Kościoła - Dz. U. Nr 66, poz. 287).

leaders: Abp Metropolita Warszawski i Całej Polski Sawa, Zwierzchnik KościołaPrzewodniczący Soboru Biskupów

The Evangelical Augsburg Church in Poland

(Kościół Ewangelicko- Augsburski w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

76,000 Lutherans (Augsburg)

legislation: Ustawa z dnia 13 maja 1994 r.o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Ewangelicko-Augsburskiego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Dz. U. Nr 73, poz. 323).

leader: Biskup Kościoła ks. Janusz Jagucki, Prezes Konsystorza

The Old Catholic Mariavite Church in Poland

(Starokatolicki Kościół Mariawitów w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej.)

23,300 Old Catholic Mariavits

law: Ustawa z dnia 20 lutego 1997r. o stosunku Państwa do Starokatolickiego Kościoła Mariawitów w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (Dz. U. Nr 41, poz. 253). leader: Biskup Naczelny ks. Zdzisław M. Włodzimierz

The Pentecostal Church in Poland

(Kościół Zielonoświątkowy w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

21,200 Pentecostals

law: Ustawa z dnia 20 lutego 1997 r. o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Zielonoświątkowego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Dz. U. Nr 41, poz. 254).

leader: Prezbiter Naczelny, Przewodniczący Naczelnej Rady Kościoła, Mieczysław Czajko

The Polish Catholic Church in Poland

(Kościół Polskokatolicki w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

18,900 members of the Polish-Catholic Church

law: Ustawa z dnia 30 czerwca 1995 r. o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Polskokatolickiego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (Dz. U. Nr 97, poz. 482).

leader: Biskup prof. dr hab.Wiktor Wysoczański, Zwierzchnik Kościoła, Przewodniczący Rady Synodalnej

The Seventh-day Adventist Church in Poland

See Seventh-day Adventist Church.

( [http://www.adwent.pl/ Kościół Adwentystów Dnia Siódmego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej] )

9,600 Seventh-Day Adventists

law: Ustawa z dnia 30 czerwca 1995 r. o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Adwentystów Dnia Siódmego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (Dz. U. Nr 97, poz. 481).leader: ks. Paweł Lazar, Przewodniczący Kościoła

The Christian Baptist Church in Poland

("see:" Baptist Church; Baptist Union of Poland)

(Kościół Chrześcijan Baptystów w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

6,500 Baptists

law: Ustawa z dnia 30 czerwca 1995 r. o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Chrześcijan Baptystów w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (Dz. U. Nr 97, poz. 480).

leader: Przewodniczący Rady Kościoła: Gustaw Cieślar

The Islamic Religious Union in Poland

(Muzułmański Związek Religijny w Rzeczypospolitej)

5,100 members of the Muslim Religious Union

law: Polskiej Ustawa z dnia 21 kwietnia 1936 r. o stosunku Państwa do Muzułmańskiego Związku Religijnego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (Dz. U. Nr 30, poz. 240 z 1936r.).leader: Przewodniczący Najwyższego Kolegium Muzułmańskiego Stefan Korycki

The Evangelical Methodist Church in Poland

(Kościół Ewangelicko-Metodystyczny w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

4,460 Methodists

law: Ustawa z dnia 30 czerwca 1995 r. o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Ewangelicko-Metodystycznego (Dz. U. Nr 97, poz. 479). leader: Zwierzchnik Kościoła ks.bp Edward Puślecki

The Evangelical Reformed Church in Poland

(see also Polish Reformed Church)

(Kościół Ewangelicko-Reformowany w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

3,500 Reformed

legislation: Ustawa z dnia 13 maja 1994 r. o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Ewangelicko-Reformowanego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Dz. U. Nr 73, poz. 324). leaders: Prezes Konsystorza Dr Witold Brodziński

The Catholic Mariavite Church in Poland

("see:" Mariavite Church)

(Kościół Katolicki Mariawitów w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

2,150 Catholic Mariavits

law: Ustawa z dnia 20 lutego 1997r. o stosunku Państwa do Kościoła Katolickiego Mariawitów w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (DZ. U. Nr 41 poz. 252). leader: Abp Kościoła Józef Maria Rafael Wojciechowski, PrzewodniczącyRady Przełożonych Kościoła

The Eastern Old-Believer Church in Poland

(Wschodni Kościół Staroobrzędowy w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej nie posiadającego hierarchii duchownej)

950 members of the Eastern Old Ceremonial Church

law: Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 28 marca 1928 r. o stosunku Państwa do Wschodniego Kościoła Staroobrzędowego nie posiadający hierarchii duchownej (Dz. U. Nr 38, poz. 363 z 1928 r.).leader: Przewodniczący Naczelnej Rady Wacław Jafiszow

The Karaim Religious Union in Poland

(Karaimski Związek Religijny w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

180 members of the Karaims Religious Union

law: Ustawa z dnia 21 kwietnia 1936 r. o stosunku Państwa do Karaimskiego Związku Religijnego w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. (Dz. U. Nr 30, poz. 241 z 1936 r.). leader: Przewodniczący Zarządu Związku prof. dr hab. Szymon Pilecki

Union of Jewish Confessional Communities in Poland

(Związek Gmin Wyznaniowych Żydowskich w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej)

1,222 members of the Union of Jewish Communities. Estimamed number of polish Jews is between 10 and 30 thousands. Not all of them are religiously Jewish. Oppositely, many of them are Christians, predomenantly Catholics.

law: Ustawa z dnia 20 lutego 1997 r. o stosunku Państwa do Gmin Wyznaniowych Żydowskich w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Dz. U. Nr 41, poz. 251).
leaders:
President of the Main Board - Piotr Kadlcik
Chief rabbi of Poland - Michael Schudrich

List of minor denominations registered in Poland

(Currently available only in Polish, see )

Religious demography

Percentage of Polish citizens who say that they actively participate in religious ceremonies (denomination not mentioned): 68 percentFact|date=September 2008.

*Number of Polish citizens who consider themselves Roman Catholics: 33,550,000 or 88 percent of the populationFact|date=September 2008.

*Number of Polish citizens who are Jewish but not necessarily religious: between 10,000 and 30,000.

Number of Polish citizens of other denominations:
*506,000 Orthodox Church members;
*220,000 Jehovah's Witnesses;
*76,000 Lutherans;
*53,000 Uniates;
*23,300 Old Catholic Mariavits;
*21,200 Pentecostals;1
*18,900 members of the Polish Catholic Church;
*9,600 Seventh-day Adventists;
*6,500 Baptists;
*5,123 members of the Muslim Religious Union;
*5,043 Hare Krishnas;
*4,800 members of the New Apostolic Church;
*4,460 Methodists;
*4,100 members of the Church of Christ;
*3,500 Reformed;
*2,150 Catholic Mariavits;
*1,222 members of the Union of Jewish Communities;
*950 members of the Eastern Old Ceremonial Church;
*180 members of the Karaims Religious Union.

1 this number includes only faithfuls of The Pentecostal Church in Poland, but many other pentecostal or charismatic denominations exist in the country.

Source: Rocznik Statystyczny GUS 2007Fact|date=September 2008.

Relations between denominations

Relations between the various religious communities are generally amicable.

See also: Poland, Religious pluralism, Freedom of religion

ee also

*Radio Maryja Family
*Religion in Poland

External links

* [http://www.mswia.gov.pl/wyzn_zw_in.html List of churches and religious unions registered according to special legislation]
* [http://www.mswia.gov.pl/wyzn_zw.html List of churches and religious unions from the Register of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration]


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