Canada East

: "For the rugby union team that competes in the North America 4 Series, see Canada East (rugby team).

Canada East ( _fr. Canada-Est) was the eastern portion of the United Province of Canada. It consisted of the southern portion of the modern-day Canadian Province of Quebec, and was primarily a French-speaking region.

Formerly a colony called the Province of Lower Canada, based on Lord Durham's report it was merged with the Province of Upper Canada (present-day southern portion of the Province of Ontario) to create the United Province of Canada.

The most important farm products were potatoes, rye, buckwheat, maple sugar, and livestock. When it came time to confederate the Francophones were nervous because they did not want to lose their French heritage.Fact|date=November 2007 They were afraid that it would be overwhelmed by the English. At the time of confederation, 1867, Montreal was the biggest city in the British North American colonies.Fact|date=November 2007

Due to heavy immigration, the population of English-speaking residents of Canada West soon outstripped Canada East. Under the Act of Union, 1840, however, the seats in the house were evenly divided between Canada East and Canada West.

By the late 1850s all the land of Canada West had been bought.Fact|date=November 2007 The next frontier was west of Lake Superior. However, this land was owned by the Hudson’s Bay Company. Most in Canada East resisted the takeover of this land, as it would have changed the balance of the seats in the legislature.

The St. Lawrence River was full of ice for half the year. For that half of the year goods had to be transported on American railways. A railway through Canada East to Halifax would provide an all-British route for trade and defence.

By the 1860s, the Grand Trunk Railway was about $72 million in debt.Fact|date=November 2007 Its annual income was about $200.Fact|date=November 2007 Partly because of this, the Province of Canada pulled out of the negotiations for the Intercolonial Railway.

Only 20% of Canada East's residents lived in the cityFact|date=November 2007, the rest were all farmers or "habitants" as they called themselves. They made their own stone houses and wooden furniture. Their clothes were homemade and their food was grown on the farms.

At the time of Confederation (1867) Montreal was the largest city of the British North American colonies, with a population of 107,225.Fact|date=November 2007 Some of the richest people in Canada lived in Montreal.

There was a danger of Fenian raids along the Canadian-American border south and east of Montreal.

Lumber was the most important natural resource of Canada East. In the woods, hundreds of workers cut down trees, then floated the logs down the St. Lawrence River during the spring floods. Sawmills turned the logs into planks and boards to sell to the Americans. There were also factories in the District of Canada East that made windows, shingles, washboards, and door frames.

See also

* Canada West
* Act of Union 1840
* History of Canada


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Canada East — or Lower Canada Region of Canada now known as Quebec. In 1791–1841 it was known as Lower Canada and in 1841–67 as Canada East. Populated mainly by French settlers who wanted to preserve their distinctive identity and cultural traditions, it was… …   Universalium

  • Canada East (rugby team) — Rugby team teamname = Canada East union = Rugby Canada url = www.narugby.com/teast.html country nickname = East coach = Simon Blanks founded = 2005 captain = Derek Daypuck appearances = Derek Daypuck (6) caps = Derek Daypuck (6) top scorer =… …   Wikipedia

  • Canada (disambiguation) — Canada generally refers to the country in North America, derived from an St. Lawrence Iroquoians word meaning village or settlement . When he first used the word Canada , Jacques Cartier referred to the region of modern Quebec… …   Wikipedia

  • East Preston, Nova Scotia — East Preston is an expansive rural area located in eastern Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, in Atlantic Canada.East Preston was founded in the 1800s. Research shows that the community was not named after a man who was in search for his …   Wikipedia

  • Canada Steamship Lines Inc. — Canada Steamship Lines (CSL) is a Canadian shipping company with headquarters in Montreal, Quebec.BeginningsCSL had humble beginnings in Canada East in 1845, operating river boats on the St. Lawrence River in general commerce. Subsequent growth… …   Wikipedia

  • East River (disambiguation) — East River may refer to:Canada* East River (Ontario), in the province of Ontario * East River (Nova Scotia), in the province of Nova ScotiaChina* Dongjiang River, which literally translates as East River Poland* East River (Poland) (Polish: Rzeka …   Wikipedia

  • East Bay — may refer to:PlacesIn Canada: *East Bay, Nova Scotia, a small town in Cape Breton County, Nova ScotiaIn the United States: * The East Bay (San Francisco Bay Area), California :*California State University, East Bay, a university in Hayward,… …   Wikipedia

  • East Preston — may refer:*East Preston, Nova Scotia, a rural area of Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada *East Preston, West Sussex, a civil parish in Arun, West Sussex, England *East Preston F.C., a football club based in East Preston, West… …   Wikipedia

  • East Essex — or Essex East may refer to:* Essex East (electoral district), Ontario, Canada * East Essex (UK Parliament constituency), 1868 ndash;1885 …   Wikipedia

  • East Gwillimbury (disambiguation) — East Gwillimbury may refer to:*East Gwillimbury, Ontario, a town in Canada *East Gwillimbury GO Station, a station in the GO Transit network located in the town …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”