Indigofera

Taxobox
name = Indigofera



image_width = 300px
image_caption = "Indigofera tinctoria"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Fabales
familia = Fabaceae
subfamilia = Faboideae
tribus = Indigofereae
genus = "Indigofera"
genus_authority = L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text

"Indigofera" is a large genus of about 700 species of flowering plants belonging to the family Fabaceae. They occur throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, with a few species reaching the temperate zone in eastern Asia.

The species are mostly shrubs, though some are herbaceous, and a few can become small trees up to 5-6 m tall. Most are dry-season or winter deciduous. The leaves are pinnate with 5-31 leaflets and the terminal leaflet present. Leaf sizes vary from 3-25 cm. The flowers are small, produced on racemes 2-15 cm long.

"Indigofera" species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Turnip Moth.

;Selected species

Uses

Several of them and especially "Indigofera tinctoria" and "Indigofera suffruticosa" are used to produce the dye indigo.

The chemical aniline, from which many important dyes are derived, was first synthesized from "I. suffruticosa" (syn. "I. anil", whence the name aniline).

Several species of this group are used to alleviate pain. The herbs are generally regarded as an analgesic with anti-inflammatory activity, rather than an anodyne. [cite web|url=http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/dictionary/tico/a.html|title=Tico Ethnobotanical Dictionary|accessdate=2007-06-16] "Indigofera articulata" Gouan (arabic "Khedaish") was used for toothache, and "Indigofera oblongifolia" Forsskal (arabic "Hasr") was used as an anti-inflammatory for insect stings, snakebites, and swellings. [cite web|url=http://www.ars-grin.gov/duke/syllabus/module10.htm|title=(syllabus: Duke University)] "Indigofera suffruticosa" and "Indigofera aspalthoides" have also been used as anti-inflammatories. [see references 8-9 in cite web|url=http://ecam.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/3/2/261|title=Antimicrobial Activity of Indigofera suffruticosa] A patent was granted for use of Indigofera arrecta extract to relieve ulcer pain. [patent|US|6083509|"Phytodrug for management of peptic ulcer and methods of preparing and using same"]

References


* [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/splist.pl?6030 Germplasm Resources Information Network: "Indigofera"]
* [http://www.efloras.org/browse.aspx?flora_id=0&name_str=Indigofera&btnSearch=Search eFloras: search results for "Indigofera"]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indigofera — Blütenstände einer Indigopflanze (Indigofera tinctoria) Systematik Rosiden Eurosiden I …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Indigofera — Indigofera …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Indigofera — In di*gof e*ra, n. [NL., from E. indigo + L. ferre to bear.] (Bot.) A genus of leguminous plants (family {Leguminosae}) having many species, mostly in tropical countries, several of them yielding indigo, esp. {Indigofera tinctoria}, {Indigofera… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • indigoferă — INDIGOFÉRĂ, indigofere, s.f. (La pl.) Gen de plante din familia leguminoaselor, cu numeroase specii răspândite în ţările calde, din care se extrage indigoul (3) (Indigofera); (şi la sg.) plantă din acest gen. – Din lat. Indigofera, numele… …   Dicționar Român

  • indigofera — indigoféra ž DEFINICIJA bot. biljka (Indigofera tinctoria) iz porodice leptirnjača (Papilionaceae); služi za dobivanje prirodnog indiga ETIMOLOGIJA nlat. Indigofera ← grč., v. indigo + fer (a) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Indigofĕra — (I. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie Pa pilionaceae Loteae Galegeae, Diadelphie, Dekandrie L.; Kräuter, Halbsträucher, seltner Sträucher mit fünfspaltigem Kelche, zweibrüderigen Staubfäden, fädigem Griffel, spitzigen Kelchzipfeln u. fast… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Indigofera — L. (Indigopflanze), Gattung der Leguminosen, Sträucher, Halbsträucher und Kräuter mit unpaarig gefiederten, selten fingerförmig dreizähligen oder einfachen Blättern, meist kleinen, borstenförmigen Nebenblättern, gewöhnlich rosenroten oder… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Indigofera — Indigofĕra L., Indigopflanze, Pflanzengattg. der Leguminosen, meist strauchartige Pflanzen, hauptsächlich im trop. Afrika; einige liefern einen blauen Farbstoff (Indigo, s.d.). Wichtigste Art I. tinctorĭa L. [Tafel: Nutzpflanzen II, 6], in… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Indigofera —   Indigofera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Indigofera — Indigo …   Wikipédia en Français

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