Sida rhombifolia
Sida rhombifolia
Arrowleaf Sida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Sida
Species: S. rhombifolia
Binomial name
Sida rhombifolia
L.

Sida rhombifolia (Arrowleaf Sida) ( Sanskrit : atibalā अतिबला[1] ) is a perennial or sometimes annual plant in the Family Malvaceae, native to the New World tropics and subtropics. Other common names include Paddy’s lucerne, jelly leaf, and also somewhat confusingly as Cuban jute, Queensland hemp, and Indian hemp (although S. rhombifolia is not related to either Jute or Hemp). Synonyms include Malva rhombifolia.

The stems are erect to sprawling and branched, growing 50 to 120 centimeters in height, with the lower sections being woody. The dark green, diamond-shaped leaves are arranged alternately along the stem, 4 to 8 centimeters long, with petioles that are less than a third of the length of the leaves. They are paler below, with short, grayish hairs. The apical half of the leaves have toothed or serrated margins while the remainder of the leaves are entire (untoothed). The petioles have small spiny stipules at their bases.

The moderately delicate flowers occur singly on flower stalks that arise from the area between the stems and leaf petioles. They consist of five petals that are 4 to 8 millimeters long, creamy to orange-yellow in color, and may be somewhat reddish in the center. Each of the five overlapping petals are asymmetric, having a long lobe on one side. The stamens unite in a short column. The fruit is a ribbed capsule, which breaks up into 8 to 10 segments. The plant blooms throughout the year.

This species is usually confined to waste ground, such as roadsides and rocky areas, stock camps or rabbit warrens, but can be competitive in pasture, due to its unpalatability to livestock.

References

  1. ^ Pandanus database of Indian plants [1]
  • Tveten, Gloria and Tveten, John. Wildflowers of Houston & Southeast Texas. University of Texas Press, Austin (1993). ISBN 0-292-78151-2

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sida rhombifolia — rombalapė sida statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Dedešvinių šeimos pluoštinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Sida rhombifolia), paplitęs atogrąžose. atitikmenys: lot. Sida rhombifolia angl. arrow leaf sida; Cuban jute; paddy s lucerne;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Sida rhombifolia — ID 77992 Symbol Key SIRH Common Name Cuban jute Family Malvaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, AZ, CA, FL, GA, HI, KS, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, OK, PA, PR, SC, TN, TX,… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Sida rhombifolia — noun herb widely distributed in tropics and subtropics used for forage and medicinally as a demulcent and having a fine soft bast stronger than jute; sometimes an aggressive weed • Syn: ↑Queensland hemp, ↑jellyleaf • Hypernyms: ↑mallow • Member… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sida Rhombifolia — L. Escobilla (P); Hierba de puerco (P). The leaves, used to treat stomach disorders, are regarded as diuretic and sedative. In Mexico, the leaves are used as a substitute for Chinese tea. As a vegetable they contain about 7.4% protein. The seeds… …   EthnoBotanical Dictionary

  • SIDA RHOMBIFOLIA L. - СИДА РОМБОЛИСТНАЯ — см. 617. Многолетнее растение. Кустарник. S. rhombifolia L. С. ромболистная Sp.pl.(1753) 684. Watt (1908) 991. Burkill (1935) 1025. Dalziel (1937) 132. S у n. S. retusa L.; S. alnijolia Lour.; S. canariensis Willd.; S. orientalis Cav. М е с т н.… …   Справочник растений

  • Sida rhombifolia var. rhombifolia — ID 77993 Symbol Key SIRHR Common Name N/A Family Malvaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit Subshrub, Forb/herb …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Sida rhombifolia L. var. rhombifolia — Symbol SIRHR Botanical Family Malvaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Sida rhombifolia L. — Symbol SIRH Common Name Cuban jute Botanical Family Malvaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Sida (Gattung) — Sida Sida alba Systematik Eurosiden II Ordnung: Malvenartige (Malvales) Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sida (genre vegetal) — Sida (genre végétal) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sida …   Wikipédia en Français

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