Rock tripe

Taxobox
name = Rock tripe
regnum = Fungi



image_caption = "Umbilicaria" growing on a rock
divisio = Ascomycota
classis = Lecanoromycetes
familia = Umbilicariaceae
genus = "Umbilicaria"
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "Umbilicaria americana" (Frosted rock tripe)
"Umbilicaria angulata"
"Umbilicaria aprina"
"Umbilicaria arctica"
"Umbilicaria caroliniana"
"Umbilicaria cinereorufescens"
"Umbilicaria crustulosa"
"Umbilicaria cylindrica"
"Umbilicaria decussata"
"Umbilicaria deusta"
"Umbilicaria esculenta"
"Umbilicaria havaasii"
"Umbilicaria hirsuta"
"Umbilicaria hyperborea" (Blistered rock tripe)
"Umbilicaria krascheninnikovii" (Salty rock tripe )
"Umbilicaria lambii"
"Umbilicaria leiocarpa"
"Umbilicaria lyngei"
"Umbilicaria mammulata"
"Umbilicaria muehlenbergii"
"Umbilicaria nylanderiana"
"Umbilicaria phaea"
"Umbilicaria polyphylla"
"Umbilicaria polyrrhiza"
"Umbilicaria proboscidea"
"Umbilicaria rigida"
"Umbilicaria scholanderi"
"Umbilicaria terrefacta"
"Umbilicaria vellea" (Alpine rock tripe)
"Umbilicaria virginis"

Rock tripe is a lichen of the genus "Umbilicaria" that grows on rocks. It can be found throughout northern parts of North America such as New England and the Rocky Mountains. It is edible when properly prepared and has been used as a food source in extreme cases when other food sources were unavailable, such as by early American northern explorers.

It is commonly used as a food in Korean cuisine (석이버섯) and used in Japanese (岩茸) and Chinese cuisine and traditional medicines (石耳) as a restorative.

Gallery

References

*ITIS|ID=191815|taxon=Umbilicaria|year=2005|date=June 23

External links

* [http://www.inquiry.net/outdoor/skills/seton/edible_plants.htm Edible plants]
* [http://www.nps.gov/romo/resources/plantsandanimals/names/lichen.html Lichens]
*http://www.indexfungorum.org/Names/genusrecord.asp?RecordID=5666
*http://www.indexfungorum.org/Names/names.asp?strGenus=Umbilicaria


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rock tripe — Rock Rock, n. [OF. roke, F. roche; cf. Armor. roc h, and AS. rocc.] 1. A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed stone or crag. See {Stone}. [1913 Webster] Come one, come all! this rock shall fly From its firm base as soon as I. Sir …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rock tripe — n. any of a genus (Umbilicaria) of large lichens, green on top and black beneath, attached to a rock surface …   English World dictionary

  • rock tripe — any lichen of the genus Umbilicaria. Also called tripe de roche. [1850 55; allegedly so called in reference to the appearance of the thallus] * * * ▪ lichen       lichen of the genus Umbilicaria, sometimes used as emergency food by soldiers or… …   Universalium

  • rock tripe — noun : a lichen of the genus Umbilicaria or of the related genus Gyrophora that has a flat coriaceous blackish thallus, is common on rocks in arctic, subarctic, and north temperate regions, and is used as food in cases of extremity * * * any… …   Useful english dictionary

  • rock tripe — noun Date: 1854 any of various dark leathery umbilicate foliose lichens (as of the genus Umbilicaria) that are widely distributed on rocks in boreal and alpine areas and are sometimes used as food …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Tripe-de-roche — n. [F.] (Bot.) Same as Rock tripe, under {Rock}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tripe (disambiguation) — Tripe is a type of edible offal from the stomachs of various domestic animals.Tripe may also refer to:* Linnaeus Tripe (1822 1902), British photographer * Rock tripe, a lichen …   Wikipedia

  • tripe de roche — /trēp də roshˈ/ noun (Fr) rock tripe • • • Main Entry: ↑tripe …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rock — Rock, n. [OF. roke, F. roche; cf. Armor. roc h, and AS. rocc.] 1. A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed stone or crag. See {Stone}. [1913 Webster] Come one, come all! this rock shall fly From its firm base as soon as I. Sir W.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rock alum — Rock Rock, n. [OF. roke, F. roche; cf. Armor. roc h, and AS. rocc.] 1. A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed stone or crag. See {Stone}. [1913 Webster] Come one, come all! this rock shall fly From its firm base as soon as I. Sir …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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