- Paulinus of St. Bartholomew
Paulinus of St. Bartholomew [Paulinus a S. Bartholomaeo, Paolino da San Bartolomeo; known as Paulinus Paathiri; secular name Johann Philipp Wesdin.] (b. at
Hoffin Lower Austria, 25 April 1748; d. in Rome, 7 January 1806) was an Austrian Carmelitemissionary and Orientalist,
Having entered the Carmelite Order, he was sent in 1774 as missionary to
Malabar, India. There he was appointed vicar general of his order and Apostolic visitor.
Recalled in 1789 to Rome to give an account of the state of that mission, he was charged with the edition of books for the use of missionaries. On account of political troubles he stayed from 1798 to 1800 at
Vienna. He returned to Rome as prefect of studies at the Propaganda.
Paulinus wrote many learned books on the East, which were highly valued in their day, among them the first printed
Sanskritgrammar. They include:
# "Systema brahmanicum liturgicum, mythologicum, civile, ex monumentis indicis musei Borgiani Velitris dissertationibus historico-criticis illustratum" (Rome, 1791), translated into German (Gotha, 1797);
# "Examen historico-criticum codicum indicorum bibliothecae S. C. de Propaganda" (Rome, 1792);
# "Musei Borgiani Velitris codices manuscripti avences, Peguani, Siamici, Malabarici, Indostani ... illustrati" (Rome, 1793);
# "Viaggio alle Indie orientali" (Rome, 1796), translated into German by Forster (Berlin, 1798);
# "Sidharubam, seu Grammatica sanscridamica, cui accedit dissert. hiss. crit. in linguam sanscridamicam vulgo Samscret dictam" (Rome, 1799), another edition of which appeared under the title "Vyacaranam" (Rome, 1804);
# "India orientalis christiana" (Rome, 1794), an important work for the history of missions in India. Other works bear on linguistics and church history.
*Giuseppe Barone, "Vita, precursori ed opere del P. Paolino da S. Bartolommeo (Filippo Werdin) : contributo alla storia degli studi orientali in Europa" (Napoli: A. Morano, 1888);
*Max von Heimbucher, "Die Orden und Kongregationen der katholischen Kirche", II (2nd ed., Paderborn: Schoningh, 1907), 568-69
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