brown fat cells
Brown fat is specialized for heat production and the adipocytes have many mitochondria in which an inner-membrane protein can act as an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation allowing rapid thermogenesis.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Brown fat — Brown adipose tissue, a rapid source of energy for infants in whom it forms about 5% of body weight. It is brown because the cells in it are packed with small cellular organs called mitochondria, which are energy factories, and it has a rich… …   Medical dictionary

  • brown fat — noun : a mammalian heat producing tissue occurring especially in human fetuses and newborn infants and in hibernating animals called also brown adipose tissue * * * brownish yellow adipose tissue in the upper back, or interscapular, region of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • brown fat — brownish yellow adipose tissue in the upper back, or interscapular, region of many mammals, most conspicuously in hibernating species, composed of numerous innervated fat cells that can produce heat during cold stress; thermogenic tissue. [1950… …   Universalium

  • Brown adipose tissue — (BAT) or brown fat is one of the two types of adipose tissue (the other being white adipose tissue) that is present in many newborn or hibernating mammals.cite journal |author=Gesta S, Tseng YH, Kahn CR |title=Developmental origin of fat:… …   Wikipedia

  • Fat — The word fat has more meanings that it has letters. It is among other things: {{}}A nutrient: With proteins and carbohydrates, fat, also known as lipid, is one of the three types of nutrients used as energy sources by the body. The energy… …   Medical dictionary

  • Adipocyte — Adipocytes are the cells that primarily compose adipose tissue, specialized in storing energy as fat.There are two types of adipose tissue, white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT), which are also known as white fat and brown fat …   Wikipedia

  • Bone morphogenetic protein 7 — Crystal structure of Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7 (BMP 7) in complex with the secreted antagonist Noggin. PDB rendering based on 1m4u …   Wikipedia

  • Organic anion transporter 1 — Figure 1 Schematic representation of transmembrane proteins: 1. a membrane protein with one transmembrane domain 2. a membrane protein with three transmembrane domains 3. OAT1 is believed to have twelve transmembrane domains. [1] The membrane is… …   Wikipedia

  • Adipose tissue — For the Doctor Who creatures, see List of Doctor Who monsters and aliens#Adipose. Adipose tissue is one of the main types of connective tissue. In histology, adipose tissue or body fat or fat depot or just fat is loose connective tissue composed… …   Wikipedia

  • adipose cell — ▪ biology also called  adipocyte  or  fat cell   connective tissue cell specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat. There are two types of adipose cells: white adipose cells contain large fat droplets, only a small amount of… …   Universalium

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