atherosclerosis
Condition caused by the deposition of lipid in the wall of arteries in (atheromatous plaques). Migration of smooth muscle cells from media to intima, smooth muscle cell proliferation, the formation of foam cells and extensive deposition of extracellular matrix all contribute to the formation of the lesions that may ultimately occlude the vessel or, following loss of the endothelium, trigger the formation of thrombi. Should be distinguished from arteriosclerosis which is a more general term usually applied to arterial hardening through other causes. Atherosclerosis is a major medical problem in most of the developed world.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • atherosclerosis — ath er*o*scle*ro sis ([a^]th [ e]r*[ o]*skl[ e]*r[=o] s[i^]s), n. [Gr. ? + logy.] (Med.) a form of arteriosclerosis characterized by irregular fatty deposits on the inner surface of large and medium sized arteries; the deposits are associated… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Atherosclerosis — vgl. Atherosklerose …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • atherosclerosis — (n.) 1908, from atherosklerose, coined in German 1904; see ATHEROMA (Cf. atheroma) + SCLEROSIS (Cf. sclerosis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • atherosclerosis — [ath΄ər ō΄sklə rō′sis] n. [ModL < ATHEROMA + SCLEROSIS] a form of arteriosclerosis associated with the formation of atheromas atherosclerotic [ath΄ər ō΄sklərät′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Atherosclerosis — For the journal, see Atherosclerosis (journal). Atherosclerosis Classification and external resources The progression of atherosclerosis (size exaggerated; see text) ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

  • atherosclerosis — atherosclerotic /ath euh roh skleuh rot ik, adh /, adj. atherosclerotically, adv. /ath euh roh skleuh roh sis, adh /, n. Pathol. a common form of arteriosclerosis in which fatty substances form a deposit of plaque on the inner lining of arterial… …   Universalium

  • atherosclerosis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1910 an arteriosclerosis characterized by atheromatous deposits in and fibrosis of the inner layer of the arteries • atherosclerotic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • atherosclerosis — noun /ˌæθɚoʊskləˈroʊsəs/ The clogging or hardening of arteries or blood vessels caused by plaques (accumulations of fatty deposits, usually cholesterol). See Also: arteriosclerosis …   Wiktionary

  • atherosclerosis — Arteriosclerosis characterized by irregularly distributed lipid deposits in the intima of large and medium sized arteries, causing narrowing of arterial lumens and proceeding eventually to fibrosis and calcification; lesions are usually focal and …   Medical dictionary

  • atherosclerosis — Synonyms and related words: angina, angina pectoris, aortic insufficiency, aortic stenosis, apoplectic stroke, apoplexy, arrhythmia, arteriosclerosis, atrial fibrillation, auricular fibrillation, beriberi heart, calcification, callusing, cardiac… …   Moby Thesaurus

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