proteolysis
Cleavage of proteins by proteases. Limited proteolysis occurs where proteins are functionally modified (activated in the case of zymogens) by highly specific proteases.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Proteolysis — is the directed degradation ( digestion ) of proteins by cellular enzymes called proteases or by intramolecular digestion.PurposesProteolysis is used by the cell for several purposes. They include: * Removal of N terminal methionine residues… …   Wikipedia

  • Proteolysis — Pro te*ol y*sis, n. [NL. See {Proteolytic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) The digestion or dissolving of proteid matter by proteolytic ferments. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • proteolysis — [prōt΄ē äl′ə sis] n. [ModL: see PROTEIN & LYSIS] Biochem. the breaking down of proteins, as by gastric juices, to form simpler substances proteolytic [prōt΄ēō lit′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • proteolysis — proteolytic /proh tee euh lit ik/, adj. /proh tee ol euh sis/, n. Biochem. the breaking down of proteins into simpler compounds, as in digestion. [1875 80; proteo (comb. form repr. PROTEIN) + LYSIS] * * * Process in which a protein is broken down …   Universalium

  • proteolysis — proteolizė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Hidrolizinis baltymų skaidymas iki aminorūgščių. atitikmenys: angl. proteolysis rus. протеолиз …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • proteolysis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1880 the hydrolysis of proteins or peptides with formation of simpler and soluble products …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • proteolysis — noun The hydrolysis of proteins into peptides and amino acids; especially as part of the digestion of food …   Wiktionary

  • proteolysis — The decomposition of protein; primarily via the hydrolysis of peptide bonds, both enzymatically and nonenzymatically. [proteo + G. lysis, dissolution] * * * pro·te·ol·y·sis .prōt ē äl ə səs n, pl y·ses .sēz the hydrolysis of proteins or peptides… …   Medical dictionary

  • proteolysis — prəʊtɪ É‘lÉ™sɪs / É’l n. dissolution of proteins, breaking down of proteins …   English contemporary dictionary

  • proteolysis — [ˌprəʊtɪ ɒlɪsɪs] noun Biochemistry the breakdown of proteins or peptides into amino acids by the action of enzymes. Derivatives proteolytic adjective proteolytically adverb …   English new terms dictionary

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