plasmalogens


plasmalogens
A group of glycerol-based phospholipids in which the aliphatic side chains are not attached by ester linkages. Widespread distribution. Less easily studied than the acyl phospholipids.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • plasmalogens — Generic term for glycerophospholipids in which the glycerol moiety bears a 1 alkenyl ether group (on rarer occasions, a 1 alkyl ether group); e.g., alk 1 enylglycerophospholipid; p. synthesis is reduced in disorders of the peroxisome. SYN …   Medical dictionary

  • Plasmalogen — A plasmalogen is an ether lipid where the first position of glycerol binds a vinyl residue (from a vinyl alcohol) with the double bond next to the ether bond. The second carbon has a typical ester linked fatty acid, and the third carbon usually… …   Wikipedia

  • Ether lipid — Ether lipids are lipids in which one or more of the carbon atoms on glycerol is bonded to an alkyl chain via an ether linkage, as opposed to the usual ester linkage. TypesEther lipids are called plasmalogens (1 O 1 alkenyl 2… …   Wikipedia

  • phospholipid — A lipid containing phosphorus, thus including the lecithins and other phosphatidyl derivatives, sphingomyelin, and plasmalogens; the basic constituents of biomembranes. * * * phos·pho·lip·id lip əd also phos·pho·lip·ide .īd n any of numerous… …   Medical dictionary

  • Peroxisome — Peroxisomes are ubiquitous organelles in eukaryotes that participate in the metabolism of fatty acids and other metabolites. Peroxisomes have enzymes that rid the cell of toxic peroxides. They have a single lipid bilayer membrane that separates… …   Wikipedia

  • Choline — The N,N,N trimethylethanolammonium cation, with an undefined counteranion, X− Choline is a water soluble essential nutrient.[1][ …   Wikipedia

  • Zellweger syndrome — Classification and external resources ICD 10 Q87.8 ICD 9 277.86 …   Wikipedia

  • Peroxisomal disorder — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = Basic structure of a peroxisome DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|277.86 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = neuro eMedicineTopic = 309 MeshID = D018901 Peroxisomal disorders are a class of… …   Wikipedia

  • Plasmalogene — Ein typisches Plasmalogen Plasmalogene sind Etherlipide, die strukturell den Phosphatidylcholinen bzw. Phosphatidylethanolaminen ähneln. Unterschied ist jedoch ein am endständigen Kohlenstoff Atom des Glycerins anstelle eines Fettsäure Esters als …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • phospholipid — The major structural lipid of most cellular membranes (except the chloroplast, which has galactolipids). Contain phosphate, usually as a diester. Examples include phosphatidyl phospholipids, plasmalogens and sphingomyelins …   Dictionary of molecular biology


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