mycolic acids
Saturated fatty acids found in the cell walls of mycobacteria, Nocardia and corynebacteria. Chain lengths can be as high as 80, and the mycolic acids are found in waxes and in glycolipids.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mycolic acids — Long chain cyclopropanecarboxylic acids (C19–C21), further substituted by long chain (C24–C30) alkanes containing free hydroxyl groups, found in certain bacteria; these waxy substances appear to be responsible for the acid fastness of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • mycolic acids — Complex 60 to 90 carbon fatty acids with a hydroxyl on the b carbon and an aliphatic chain on the a carbon; found in the cell walls of mycobacteria …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • Mycolic acid — Mycolic acids are long fatty acids found in the cell walls of the mycolata taxon, a group of bacteria that includes Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of the disease tuberculosis. They form the major component of the cell wall of… …   Wikipedia

  • mycolic acid — noun Any of various long fatty acids found in the cell walls of mycolata …   Wiktionary

  • mycolic acid — my·col·ic acid mī .käl ik n any of several hydroxy fatty acids that have very long branched chains and are obtained esp. from the wax of the tubercle bacillus …   Medical dictionary

  • mycolic acid — (ˈ)mī|kälik noun Etymology: myc + Latin oleum oil + English ic more at oil : any of several hydroxy fatty acids that have very long branched chains and are obtained especially from the wax of tubercle bacilli …   Useful english dictionary

  • Corynebacterium — C. ulcerans colonies on a blood agar plate. Scientific classification Kingdom: Bacteria …   Wikipedia

  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis — M. tuberculosis bacterial colonies Scientific classification Kingdom: Bacteria …   Wikipedia

  • Mykolsäuren — Grundstruktur der Mykolsäuren. R1: Komplexe Strukturen von bis zu 60 C Atomen; R2: lineare Alkane, C20 C24 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mycobacterium — TEM micrograph of M. tuberculosis. Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

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