anionic detergents
Detergents in which the hydrophilic funtion is fulfilled by an anionic grouping. Fatty acids are the best known natural products in this class, but it is doubtful if they have a specific detergent function in any biological system. The important synthetic species are aliphatic sulphate esters, eg. sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS or SLS).

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • anionic — n. 1. a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions. Syn: anionic detergent, non ionic detergent [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anionic detergent — noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions • Syn: ↑anionic, ↑non ionic detergent • Derivationally related forms: ↑anionic (for: ↑anionic) • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • anionic — adj. 1 of an anion or anions. 2 having an active anion. * * * I noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions (Freq. 7) • Syn: ↑anionic detergent, ↑non ionic detergent • Hypernyms: ↑detergent …   Useful english dictionary

  • soap and detergent — ▪ chemical compound Introduction       substances that, when dissolved in water, possess the ability to remove dirt (detergent) from surfaces such as the human skin, textiles, and other solids. The seemingly simple process of cleaning a soiled… …   Universalium

  • Detergent — For the band, see The Detergents. Detergents A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions. [1] In common usage, detergent refers to alkylbenzenesulfonates, a family of compounds that are… …   Wikipedia

  • Laundry detergent — Laundry powder Laundry detergent, or washing powder, is a substance that is a type of detergent (cleaning agent) that is added for cleaning laundry. In common usage, detergent refers to mixtures of chemical compounds including… …   Wikipedia

  • detergent — 1. Cleansing. 2. A cleansing or purging agent, usually salts of long chain aliphatic bases or acids ( e.g., quaternary ammonium or sulfonic acid compounds) which, through a surface action that depends on their possessing both hydrophilic and… …   Medical dictionary

  • lauryl alcohol — noun a colorless insoluble solid alcohol used to make detergents and pharmaceuticals • Syn: ↑1 dodecanol • Hypernyms: ↑alcohol * * * noun 1. : a crystalline compound CH3(CH2)10CH2OH made by reduction of ethyl laurate; normal dodecyl alcohol …   Useful english dictionary

  • keryl — ˈkerə̇l noun ( s) Etymology: kerosine + yl : a mixture of alkyl radicals that is derived from kerosine specially purified for making sulfonated anionic detergents and that consists chiefly of one or more radicals ranging in size from decyl to… …   Useful english dictionary

  • de|grad|a|ble — «dih GRAY duh buhl», adjective. susceptible to decomposition, especially chemical decomposition: »There has been a reduction of the residual amounts of synthetic detergent material in the…river sources of supply after the complete substitution in …   Useful english dictionary

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