mesangial cells


mesangial cells
Cells found within the glomerular lobules of mammalian kidney, where they serve as structural supports, may regulate blood flow, are phagocytic, and may act as accessory cells, presenting antigen in immune responses.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mesangial cells — phagocytic cells found in the mesangium of the glomerular capsule of the kidney, thought to aid in cleaning the filtration apparatus. Called also intercapillary c s …   Medical dictionary

  • Mesangial cell — Mesangial cells are specialized cells around blood vessels in the kidneys, at the mesangium. They are specialized smooth muscle cells that function to regulate blood flow through the capillaries, usually divided into two types, each having a very …   Wikipedia

  • Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis — Classification and external resources Renal corpuscle. Intraglomerular mesangium is #5b. ICD 10 N00.3 N08.3 …   Wikipedia

  • mesangial — Referring to the mesangium. * * * mes·an·gi·al .mes an jē əl, .mēs adj of or relating to the mesangium <mesangial thickening> <mesangial cells> …   Medical dictionary

  • mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis — glomerulonephritis characterized by diffuse glomerular proliferation of mesangial and endocapillary cells and mesangial matrix, seen in patients with the nephrotic syndrome; IgM deposits and complement 3 are often found in the mesangium. Called… …   Medical dictionary

  • Intraglomerular mesangial cell — Intraglomerular mesangial cells are specialized pericytes located among the glomerular capillaries within a renal corpuscle of a kidney.There are three primary functions of intraglomerular mesangial cells: filtration, structural support, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Extraglomerular mesangial cell — Extraglomerular mesangial cells (or lacis cells) are light staining cells in the kidney found outside the glomerulus, near the vascular pole and macula densa. Lacis cells form the juxtaglomerular apparatus in combination with two other types of… …   Wikipedia

  • intercapillary cells — mesangial c s …   Medical dictionary

  • Juxtaglomerular apparatus — The juxtaglomerular apparatus is a microscopic structure in the kidney, which regulates the function of each nephron. The juxtaglomerular apparatus is named for its proximity to the glomerulus: it is found between the vascular pole of the renal… …   Wikipedia

  • CD90 — Thy 1 or CD90 (Cluster of Differentiation 90) is a 25–37 kDa heavily N glycosylated, glycophosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored conserved cell surface protein with a single V like immunoglobulin domain, originally discovered as a thymocyte antigen …   Wikipedia


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