amphotericin B
(= Fungizone)
Polyene antibiotic from Streptomyces spp. Used as a fungicide, it is cytolytic by causing the formation of pores (5-10 molecules of amphotericin in association with cholesterol) that allow passage of small molecules through the plasma membrane and thus to cytolysis. Only acts on membranes containing sterols (preferentially ergosterol, hence selectivity for fungi). See also filipin.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Amphotericin B — Systematic (IUPAC) name (1R,3S,5R,6R,9 …   Wikipedia

  • amphotericin B — amphotericin amphotericin, amphotericin B amphotericin B . 1. an antibiotic and antifungal agent ({C47H73NO17}), produced by a strain of {Streptomyces nodosus}. It is one of a class of polyene macrolide antibiotics effective against fungal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • amphotericin B — n the amphotericin that is clinically useful against deep seated and systemic fungal infections * * * am·pho·ter·i·cin B (am″fə terґĭ sin) [USP] one of two polyene antifungal antibiotics (the other, amphotericin A, is not used… …   Medical dictionary

  • amphotericin B — [am΄fə ter′ə sin] n. 〚 AMPHOTERIC + IN1〛 an antibiotic compound, C46H73NO20, used in treating certain diseases caused by parasitic fungi, such as systemic candidiasis * * * …   Universalium

  • amphotericin B — [am΄fə ter′ə sin] n. [ AMPHOTERIC + IN1] an antibiotic compound, C46H73NO20, used in treating certain diseases caused by parasitic fungi, such as systemic candidiasis …   English World dictionary

  • Amphotericin B — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Amphotericin B Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • amphotericin B — noun : the amphotericin that is useful against deep seated and systemic fungal infections …   Useful english dictionary

  • Amphotericin B — Am|pho|te|ri|cin B [zu ↑ amphoter], das; s: Freiname für ein als Antimykotikum u. Kokzidiostatikum einsetzbares Makrolid Polyen Antibiotikum …   Universal-Lexikon

  • amphotericin B — noun Etymology: amphoteric + 1 in Date: 1955 an antifungal antibiotic obtained from a soil streptomycete (Streptomyces nodosus) and used especially to treat systemic fungal infections …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • amphotericin B — (am fo ter i sin) An antibiotic from a strain of Streptomyces nodosus that is used to treat systemic fungal infections; it also is used topically to treat candidiasis …   Dictionary of microbiology

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