islet amyloid peptide


islet amyloid peptide
(= IAPP)
Peptide of 37 amino acids that selectively inhibits insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in muscle. Structurally related to calcitonin gene related peptide.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Proislet Amyloid Polypeptide — Proislet Amyloid Polypeptide(proIAPP,Proamylin, Amyloid Polypeptide Precursor, Proislet Protein)Proislet amyloid polypeptide (proIAPP) is the protein precursor for Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP, amylin) (Higham et al., 2001). ProIAPP is… …   Wikipedia

  • diabetes related peptide — See islet amyloid peptide …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Amylin — Amylin, or Islet Amyloid Polypeptide (IAPP), is a 37 residue peptide hormone secreted by pancreatic β cells at the same time as insulin (in a roughly 100:1 ratio). PBB Summary section title = summary text = Islet, or insulinoma, amyloid… …   Wikipedia

  • DAP — Diabetes related peptide. See islet amyloid peptide …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • IAPP — See islet amyloid peptide …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Calcitonin — is a 32 amino acid linear polypeptide hormone that is produced in humans primarily by the parafollicular cells (also known as C cells) of the thyroid, and in many other animals in the ultimobranchial body.[1] It acts to reduce blood calcium… …   Wikipedia

  • Beta cell — Beta cells (beta cells, β cells) are a type of cell in the pancreas in areas called the islets of Langerhans. They make up 65 80% of the cells in the islets. FunctionBeta cells make and release insulin, a hormone that controls the level of… …   Wikipedia

  • Melatonin — Not to be confused with Melanin or Melanotan. Melatonin Systematic (IUPAC) name …   Wikipedia

  • amylin — The cellulose of starch; the insoluble envelope of starch grains. * * * am·yl·in (amґə lin) a 37–amino acid polypeptide with over 40 per cent homology with calcitonin gene–related peptide, occurring packaged with insulin in the beta cell …   Medical dictionary


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