amino-sugar
Monosaccharide in which an OH-group is replaced with an amino group; often acetylated. Common examples are D-galactosamine, D-glucosamine, neuraminic acid, muramic acid. Amino sugars are important constituents of bacterial cell walls, some antibiotics, blood group substances, milk oligosaccharides, and chitin.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Amino sugar — In chemistry, an amino sugar contains an amine group in place of a hydroxyl group. Derivatives of amine containing sugars, such as N acetylglucosamine and sialic acid, while not formally containing an amine, are also considered amino… …   Wikipedia

  • amino sugar — glikozaminas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Monosacharidas, kurio viena hidroksilo grupė pakeista aminogrupe. atitikmenys: angl. amino sugar; glycosamine rus. аминосахарид; гликозамин ryšiai: sinonimas – aminosacharidas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • amino sugar — a sugar in which an amino group substituent has replaced a hydroxyl group; the amino sugars and their acyl derivatives are constituents of a variety of polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids …   Medical dictionary

  • amino sugar — /əminoʊ ˈʃʊgə/ (say uhmeenoh shoohguh) noun a sugar which contains an amino group in place of a hydroxyl …   Australian English dictionary

  • amino sugar — noun any monosaccharide in which a single hydroxy group has been replaced by an amino group …   Wiktionary

  • Sugar substitute — Sweetener redirects here. For other uses, see Sweetener (disambiguation). Sugar free redirects here. For other uses, see Sugar free (disambiguation). Packets of Assugrin, a brand of cyclamate. A sugar substitute is a food additive that duplicates …   Wikipedia

  • amino acid — Biochem. any of a class of organic compounds that contains at least one amino group, NH2, and one carboxyl group, COOH: the alpha amino acids, RCH(NH2)COOH, are the building blocks from which proteins are constructed. Cf. essential amino acid.… …   Universalium

  • sugar — One of the sugars, q.v., pharmaceutical forms are compressible s. and confectioner s s.. SEE ALSO: sugars. [G. sakcharon; L. saccharum] amino sugars sugars in which a hydroxyl group has been replaced with an amino group; e.g., d glucosamine.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Sugar beet — Taxobox name = Sugar beet image width = 270px image caption = Two sugar beets the one on the left has been selectively bred to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis =… …   Wikipedia

  • Coconut sugar — is a sugar produced from the sap of cut flower buds of coconuts. Coconut sugar has been used as a traditional sweetener for thousands of years in the South and SouthEast Asian regions where the coconut tree is in abundant supply. The world s… …   Wikipedia

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