Area of mammalian brain, and an important preparation for the study of neuronal plasticity. The hippocampus has been known since the 1950s to be important for long-term memory storage in humans and other mammals; it is essential for initial storing of long-term memory for a period of days to weeks before the memory trace is consolidated elsewhere. Also the site of long-term synaptic plasticity (see long-term potentiation) which is exhibited by defined synaptic pathways in the hippocampus.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hippocampus — Hip po*cam pus, n. [L., the sea horse, Gr. ? a hippocampus (in senses 1 and 2); i ppos horse + ? to bend.] 1. (Class. Myth.) A fabulous monster, with the head and fore quarters of a horse joined to the tail of a dolphin or other fish… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hippocampus — c.1600, a kind of sea monster, part horse and part dolphin or fish (they are often pictured pulling Neptune s chariot), from L.L. hippocampus, from Gk. hippokampos, from hippos “horse” + kampos “a sea monster,” perhaps related to kampe… …   Etymology dictionary

  • hippocampus — [hip΄ō kam′pəs] n. pl. hippocampi [hip΄ō kam′pī] [L, sea horse < Gr hippokampos, hippocampus < hippos (see HIPPO ) + kampos, sea monster] 1. Gr. & Rom. Myth. a sea monster with the head and forequarters of a horse and the tail of a dolphin… …   English World dictionary

  • Hippocampus — Hippocampus, 1) fabelhaftes Seethier mit roßähnlichem Kopfe u. gebogenem Fischschwanze, auf welchem die Künstler die Seegötter fahrend darstellten; bald tritt er mit zwei Roßhufen das Meer, bald schwimmt er mit breiten, gespaltenen,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hippocampus — Hippocampus, das Seepferdchen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hippocampus — For other uses, see Hippocampus (disambiguation). Brain: Hippocampus The hippocampus is located in the medial temporal lobe of the brain. In this lateral view of the human brain, the frontal lobe is at le …   Wikipedia

  • Hippocampus — Hippocampe (poisson) Pour les articles homonymes, voir hippocampe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hippocampus — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor p …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hippocampus — Der Hippocampus (Plural Hippocampi) ist ein Bestandteil des Gehirns und zählt zu den evolutionär ältesten Strukturen des Gehirns. Er befindet sich im Temporallappen und ist eine zentrale Schaltstation des limbischen Systems. Es gibt einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hippocampus — An area buried deep in the forebrain that helps regulate emotion and memory. * * * The complex, internally convoluted structure that forms the medial margin (“hem”) of the cortical mantle of the cerebral hemisphere, bordering the choroid fissure… …   Medical dictionary

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