glycolipid


glycolipid
Oligosaccharides covalently attached to lipid as in the glycosphingolipids (GSL) found in plasma membranes of all animal and some plant cells. The lipid part of GSLs is sphingosine in which the amino group is acylated by a fatty chain, forming a ceramide. Most of the oligosaccharide chains belong to one of four series, the ganglio-, globo-, lacto-type 1 and lacto-type 2 series. Blood group antigens are GSLs.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glycolipid — recognition.They occur where a carbohydrate chain is associated with phospholipids on the exoplasmic surface of the cell membrane. The carbohydrates are found on the outer surface of all eukaryotic cell membranes. They extend from the… …   Wikipedia

  • Glycolipid — Struktur der Glycolipide sowie der Untergruppen Glycero und Sphingo Glycolipide (als Zucker α D Glucopyranose) Glycolipide (griech. glykys = süß, lipos = Fett), auch Glycolipoide oder Glykolipide sind phosphorfreie Strukturlipide oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • glycolipid — glikolipidas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Lipidas, turintis glikozidiniais ryšiais prisijungusių sacharidų fragmentų. atitikmenys: angl. glycolipid rus. гликолипид …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • glycolipid — noun Date: 1936 a lipid (as a ganglioside or a cerebroside) that contains a carbohydrate radical …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • glycolipid — /gluy keuh lip id/, n. Biochem. any of a class of lipids, comprising the cerebrosides and gangliosides, that upon hydrolysis yield galactose or a similar sugar, a fatty acid, and sphingosine or dihydrosphingosine. [1935 40; GLYCO + LIPID] * * * ▪ …   Universalium

  • glycolipid — noun an association of a carbohydrate and a phospholipid, such as phosphatidylinositol, found in cell membranes …   Wiktionary

  • glycolipid — A lipid with one or more covalently attached sugars. * * * gly·co·lip·id .glī kō lip əd n a lipid (as a ganglioside or a cerebroside) that contains a carbohydrate radical * * * n. a lipid containing a sugar molecule (usually galactose or glucose) …   Medical dictionary

  • glycolipid — n. substance which is made up of a carbohydrate and a lipid (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • glycolipid — gly·co·lipid …   English syllables

  • glycolipid — n. a lipid containing a sugar molecule (usually galactose or glucose). The cerebrosides are examples of glycolipids …   The new mediacal dictionary


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