fermentation


fermentation
Breakdown of organic substances, especially by microorganisms such as bacteria and yeasts, yielding incompletely oxidized products. Some forms can take place in the absence of oxygen, in which case ATP is generated in reaction pathways in which organic compounds act as both donors and acceptors of electrons. Historically, the production of ethyl alcohol or acetic acid from glucose. Also applied to anaerobic glycolysis as in lactate formation in muscle.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fermentation — industrielle La fermentation est une réaction biochimique de conversion de l énergie chimique contenue dans une source de carbone (souvent du glucose) en une autre forme d énergie directement utilisable par la cellule en l absence de dioxygène… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fermentation — [ fɛrmɑ̃tasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1539; lat. fermentatio → ferment 1 ♦ Biol., biochim. Transformation de substances organiques sous l influence d enzymes produits par des micro organismes. Fermentation du lait, transformation en acide lactique sous l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fermentation — Fer men*ta tion (f[ e]r m[e^]n*t[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. fermentation.] 1. The process of undergoing an effervescent change, as by the action of yeast; in a wider sense (Physiol. Chem.), the transformation of an organic substance into new… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fermentation — may mean: * Fermentation (biochemistry), the process of energy production in a cell under anaerobic conditions (without oxygen) * Ethanol fermentation, a form of anaerobic respiration used primarily by yeasts when oxygen is not present in… …   Wikipedia

  • fermentation — Fermentation. s. f. v. Terme Dogmatique. Agitation, division & rarefaction de parties par le moyen du Ferment. La digestion se fait par la fermentation des aliments …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • fermentation — [fʉr΄mən tā′shən] n. [ME fermentacioun < LL fermentatio: see FERMENT] 1. the breakdown of complex molecules in organic compounds, caused by the influence of a ferment [bacteria cause milk to curdle by fermentation] 2. excitement; agitation …   English World dictionary

  • fermentation — fermentation. См. ферментация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Fermentation — (lat.), Gärung; fermentativ, die Gärung befördernd; fermentieren, gären, in Gärung bringen; fermentabel, gärungsfähig …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fermentation — (lat.), s.v.w. Gärung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fermentation — Fermentation, der Prozeß der Gährung (s. Gährung) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • fermentation — index commotion Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary


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