erythromycin
General name for a variety of wide-spectrum macrolide antibiotics isolated from Streptomyces erythreus. Inhibit protein synthesis by binding to the prokaryotic 50S ribosomal subunit and preventing translocation. A variety of proteins will confer resistance to erythromycin - either by degrading the antibiotic, by enhancing its export from the cell, or by causing modification to the RNA so that its affinity for erythromycin is reduced.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erythromycin — Systematic (IUPAC) name (3 …   Wikipedia

  • Erythromycin — См. Эритромицин (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • erythromycin — erythromycin. См. эритромицин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • erythromycin — ☆ erythromycin [e rith΄rō mī′sin ] n. [ ERYTHRO + MYCIN] an antibiotic, C37H67NO13, isolated from a soil bacterium ( Streptomyces erythreus), used in treating various bacterial diseases …   English World dictionary

  • Erythromycin — Strukturformel Erythromycin A Allgemeines Freiname Erythromycin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • erythromycin — /i rith reuh muy sin/, n. Pharm. an antibiotic, C37H67NO13, produced by an actinomycete, Streptomyces erythraeus, used chiefly in the treatment of diseases caused by many Gram positive and some Gram negative organisms. [1950 55; ERYTHRO + MYCIN]… …   Universalium

  • Erythromycin — A common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold under many brand names, including * * * A macrolide antibiotic agent obtained from cultures of a strain of Streptomyces erythraeus found in soil; it is active against Corynebacterium… …   Medical dictionary

  • Erythromycin — E|ry|th|ro|my|cin [nlat. Streptomyces erythreus, ein Strahlenpilz (Mikrobiol.); ↑ mycin], das; s, e: Makrolid Antibiotikum mit einem hochsubstituierten, 14gliedrigen Lactonring (Erythronolid A). * * * Erythromycin   [zu griechisch mýkēs »Pilz«]… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • erythromycin — eritromicinas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Antibiotikas, turintis makrociklinį laktoninį žiedą. atitikmenys: angl. erythromycin rus. эритромицин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • erythromycin — noun Date: 1952 a broad spectrum antibiotic C37H67NO13 produced by an actinomycete (Streptomyces erythreus) and administered orally or topically …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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