chemiosmotic hypothesis

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • chemiosmotic hypothesis — (kem e o os mot ik) The hypothesis that a proton gradient and an electrochemical gradient are generated by electron transport and then used to drive ATP synthesis by oxidative phosphorylation …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • chemiosmotic — chemi·os·mot·ic .kem ē äz mät ik adj relating to or being a hypothesis that seeks to explain the mechanism of ATP formation in oxidative phosphorylation by mitochondria and chloroplasts without recourse to the formation of high energy… …   Medical dictionary

  • chemiosmotic — ˌkemēˌ adjective Etymology: chem + osmotic : relating to or being a hypothesis that seeks to explain the mechanism of ATP formation in oxidative phosphorylation by mitochondria and chloroplasts without recourse to the formation of high energy… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Peter D. Mitchell — Peter Dennis Mitchell (September 29 1920 ndash;April 10 1992) [cite web url=http://www biology.ucsd.edu/ msaier/transport/petermitchell/MitchellFrame 1.html title=Peter Mitchell and the Vital Force author=Milton H. Saier Jr accessdate=2007 03 23] …   Wikipedia

  • Chemiosmosis — is the movement of ions across a selectively permeable membrane, down their electrochemical gradient. More specifically, it relates to the generation of ATP by the movement of hydrogen ions across a membrane during cellular respiration. An Ion… …   Wikipedia

  • Oxidative phosphorylation — The electron transport chain in the mitochondrion is the site of oxidative phosphorylation in eukaryotes. The NADH and succinate generated in the citric acid cycle are oxidized, releasing energy to power the ATP synthase. Oxidative… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitochondrion — For the metal band, see Mitochondrion (band). Two mitochondria from mammalian lung tissue displaying their matrix and membranes as shown by electron microscopy …   Wikipedia

  • Fosforilación oxidativa — Esquema actual del sistema mitocondrial de la fosforilación oxidativa. Los equivalentes reducidos que se generan en el metabolismo (NADH, FADH2) son oxidados por la cadena de transporte de electrones. La energía libre generada en esta reacción se …   Wikipedia Español

  • List of biochemistry topics — This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to biochemistry. This is so that those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on .This list is not necessarily complete or up to date if you see an… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter D. Mitchell — Peter Mitchell Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mitchell. Peter Dennis Mitchell est un chimiste anglais né en 1920 et décédé en 1992. Il a reçu le prix Nobel de chimie pour sa Théorie chimiosmotique en 1978. Liens externes (en) …   Wikipédia en Français

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