carboxysome
Inclusion body (polyhedral body; 90-500nm diameter) found in some Cyanobacteria and autotrophic bacteria; contains ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase (RUBISCO) and is involved in carbon dioxide fixation.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carboxysome — Carboxysomes are bacterial microcompartments that contain enzymes involved in carbon fixation. [cite journal |author=Badger MR, Price GD |title=CO2 concentrating mechanisms in cyanobacteria: molecular components, their diversity and evolution… …   Wikipedia

  • carboxysome — noun A bacterial organelle that contains enzymes involved in carbon fixation …   Wiktionary

  • Organelle — A typical animal cell. Within the cytoplasm, the major organelles and cellular structures include: (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) vesicle (5) rough endoplasmic reticulum (6) Golgi apparatus …   Wikipedia

  • Carbonic anhydrase — The carbonic anhydrases (or carbonate dehydratases) form a family of enzymes that catalyze the rapid conversion of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate and protons, a reaction that occurs rather slowly in the absence of a catalyst.cite journal | author …   Wikipedia

  • Bacterial cell structure — Bacteria, despite their apparent simplicity, contain a well developed cell structure which is responsible for many of their unique biological properties. Many structural features are unique to bacteria and are not found among archaea or… …   Wikipedia

  • Cytosol — The cytosol is a crowded solution of many different types of molecules that fills much of the volume of cells.[1] The cytosol or intracellular fluid (or cytoplasmic matrix) is the liquid found inside cells, that is separated into compartments by… …   Wikipedia

  • Photosynthesis — Composite image showing the global distribution of photosynthesis, including both oceanic phytoplankton and vegetation …   Wikipedia

  • Synechococcus — Taxobox | name = Synechococcus image width = 200px image caption = TEM of Synechococcus regnum = Bacteria divisio = Cyanobacteria ordo = Synechococcales familia = Synechococcaceae genus = Synechococcus genus authority = Nägeli, 1849 subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Bacteria — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Bacteria fossil range = Archean or earlier Recent image width = 210px image caption = Escherichia coli image is 8 micrometres wide. domain = Bacteria subdivision ranks = Phyla [cite web… …   Wikipedia

  • Bacterial microcompartment — Bacterial microcompartments are widespread bacterial organelles that are made of a protein shell that surrounds and encloses various enzymes.[1] These compartments are typically about 100 200 nanometres across and made of interlocking… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”