capsule
Bact. Thick gel-like material attached to the wall of Gram positive or Gram negative bacteria, giving colonies a "smooth" appearance. May contribute to pathogenicity by inhibiting phagocytosis. Mostly composed of very hydrophilic acidic polysaccharide, but considerable diversity exists. Path. Cellular response in invertebrate animals to a foreign body too large to be phagocytosed. A multicellular aggregate of haemocytes or coelomocytes isolates the foreign object. In some insects the capsule is apparently acellular and composed of melanin.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • capsule — [ kapsyl ] n. f. • 1532 capsule du cœur; lat. capsula « petite boîte », de capsa → caisse 1 ♦ Anat. Formation anatomique qui a une disposition en enveloppe. Capsule articulaire. Capsule synoviale. Capsules surrénales. ♢ Capsule de Tenon :… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Capsule — Cap sule (k[a^]p s[=u]l), n. [L. capsula a little box or chest, fr. capsa chest, case, fr. capere to take, contain: cf. F. capsule.] 1. (Bot.) a dry fruit or pod which is made up of several parts or carpels, and opens to discharge the seeds, as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capsule — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Capsule Información personal Origen Japón …   Wikipedia Español

  • Capsule — has many meanings in medicine including the following: {{}}In medicine, a membranous structure that envelops an organ, a joint, tumor, or any other part of the body. It is usually made up of dense collagen containing connective tissue. In… …   Medical dictionary

  • Capsule — (jap.カプセル, zu Deutsch „Kapsel“) ist eine japanische Elektropop Gruppe. Die Gruppe besteht aus der Sängerin Toshiko Koshijima und dem Produzenten und Musiker Yasutaka Nakata, der auch Produzent der Elektropop Gruppe Perfume ist. Die Gruppe wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • capsule — (n.) 1650s, from Fr. capsule a membranous sac (16c.), from L. capsula small boat or chest, dim. of capsa box, case, chest (see CASE (Cf. case) (n.2)). Medical sense is 1875; shortened form cap is from 1942. Sense in space capsule is first… …   Etymology dictionary

  • capsule — [kap′səl, kap′syo͞ol] n. [Fr < L capsula, dim. of capsa, box: see CASE2] 1. Obs. a small case or sheath ☆ 2. a small, soluble gelatin container for enclosing a dose of medicine 3. ☆ a) an ejectable airplane cockpit b) …   English World dictionary

  • capsule — [adj] shortened form abridged, canned, condensed, epitomized, pocket, potted, tabloid; concepts 531,773 capsule [n] tablet, usually medicine bolus, cap, dose, lozenge, pellet, pill, troche; concepts 260,307 …   New thesaurus

  • capsule — ► NOUN 1) a small soluble case of gelatin containing a dose of medicine, swallowed whole. 2) a small case or container. 3) a space capsule. 4) Botany a dry fruit that releases its seeds by bursting open when ripe. DERIVATIVES capsular adjective… …   English terms dictionary

  • capsule — I noun abbreviation, abrege, abridgment, abstract, analysis, brief, capitulation, compend, compendium, compression, condensation, conspectus, contents, digest, epitome, essence, minute, note, outline, pandect, precis, recapitulation, reduction,… …   Law dictionary

  • capsule — CAPSULE. s. f. Terme de Botanique. Il se dit de cette partie de la plante qui renferme les semences et les graines. En Anatomie, on donne ce nom à des membranes qui enveloppent les articulations …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

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