aminoglycoside antibiotics
(am\'ī-no-gli\'ko-saīd)
A group of antibiotics synthesized by Streptomyces and Micromonospora, which contain a cyclohexane ring and amino sugars; all aminoglycoside antibiotics bind to the small ribosomal subunit and inhibit protein synthesis.

Microbiology. . 2009.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • aminoglycoside antibiotics — Group of antibiotics active against many aerobic Gram negative and some Gram positive bacteria. Composed of two or more amino sugars attached by a glycosidic linkage to a hexose nucleus; polycationic and highly polar compounds. Inhibit bacterial… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Aminoglycoside — An aminoglycoside is a molecule composed of a sugar group and an amino group. [MeshName|Aminoglycosides] Several aminoglycosides function as antibiotics that are effective against certain types of bacteria. They include amikacin, gentamicin,… …   Wikipedia

  • aminoglycoside —  ̷ ̷ ¦ ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷ ˌ noun ( s) Etymology: amin + glycoside : any of a group of antibiotics (as streptomycin and neomycin) that inhibit bacterial protein synthesis and are active especially against gram negative bacteria * * * /euh mee noh gluy keuh… …   Useful english dictionary

  • aminoglycoside — Any one of a group of bacteriocidal antibiotics derived from species of Streptomyces or Micromonosporum and characterized by two or more amino sugars joined by a glycoside linkage to a central hexose; aminoglycosides act by causing misreading and …   Medical dictionary

  • aminoglycoside — /euh mee noh gluy keuh suyd , am euh noh /, Pharm. adj. 1. of or pertaining to amino sugars in glycosidic linkage. n. 2. any of a group of bacterial antibiotics having aminoglycoside structure. [AMINO + GLYCOSIDE] * * * …   Universalium

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  • Gentamicin — Systematic (IUPAC) name (3R,4R,5R) 2 {[(1S,2S …   Wikipedia

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