spongiform encephalopathies
Degenerative central nervous system diseases in which the brain has a spongy appearance; they appear due to prions.

Microbiology. . 2009.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • spongiform encephalopathies — A group of diseases characterized by long incubation and fatal progressive course with characteristic spongiform degeneration of grey matter of the cortex. The two main human diseases are kuru and Creutzfeldt Jakob disease. Diseases such as… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • spongiform encephalopathy — n any of a group of degenerative diseases of the brain characterized by the development of spongiform lesions and by deterioration in neurological functioning see BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY, TRANSMISSIBLE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY * * * any …   Medical dictionary

  • spongiform encephalopathy — any one of a group of rapidly progressive degenerative neurological diseases that include scrapie in sheep, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, and kuru, Creutzfeldt Jakob disease, and Gerstmann Straussler Scheinker syndrome in… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy — Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs, also known as prion diseases) are a group of progressive conditions that affect the brain and nervous system of animals. According to the most widespread hypothesis they are transmitted by prions,… …   Wikipedia

  • bovine spongiform encephalopathy — /spun jeuh fawrm / a fatal dementia of cattle, thought to be caused by the prion proteins implicated in Creutzfeldt Jakob disease. Also called mad cow disease. * * * ▪ pathology also called  mad cow disease        a fatal neurodegenerative… …   Universalium

  • transmissible spongiform encephalopathy — n any of a group of spongiform encephalopathies (as Creutzfeldt Jakob disease, kuru, and scrapie) that are now usu. considered to be caused and transmitted by prions * * * (TSE) prion disease …   Medical dictionary

  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy — Encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine Pour les articles homonymes, voir ESB et BSE. L encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine (ESB), également appelée « maladie de la vache folle » ou en anglais Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), est une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • transmissible spongiform encephalopathy — any of several encephalopathies, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy, scrapie, and kuru, characterized by spongy degeneration of brain tissue and believed to result from the ingestion of a toxic protein or virus. * * * …   Universalium

  • transmissible spongiform encephalopathy — transmis′sible spon′giform encephalop′athy n. pat any of several encephalopathies, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy, scrapie, and kuru, characterized by spongy degeneration of brain tissue and believed to result from the ingestion of a… …   From formal English to slang

  • transmissible spongiform encephalopathy — any of several encephalopathies, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy, scrapie, and kuru, characterized by spongy degeneration of brain tissue and believed to result from the ingestion of a toxic protein or virus …   Useful english dictionary

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