anchovy
common name for various fish species in the fishes in the family Engraulidae, best known in North America for their salty and decried topping on pizzas but an important and tasty element in European cuisine. Part of caesar salad, Worcestershire sauce and often the basis for garum (q.v.). The various species occur in vast numbers as a schooling fish in waters worldwide

Dictionary of ichthyology. 2009.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • anchovy — [an′chō΄vē, an′chəvē; an΄chō′vē] n. pl. anchovies or anchovy [Port anchova < VL * api̯ua < L aphya < Gr aphyē, small fry] any of a family (Engraulidae) of very small fishes (order Clupeiformes) with large mouths, found mostly in warm… …   English World dictionary

  • Anchovy — An*cho vy ([a^]n*ch[=o] v[y^]), n. [Sp. anchoa, anchova, or Pg. anchova, prob. of Iberian origin, and lit. a dried or pickled fish, fr. Bisc. antzua dry: cf. D. anchovis, F. anchois.] (Zo[ o]l.) A small fish, about three inches in length, of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anchovy — (n.) 1590s, from Port. anchova, from Genoese or Corsican dialect, perhaps ultimately from either L. apua small fish (from Gk. aphye small fry ) [Gamillscheg, Diez], or from Basque anchu dried fish, from anchuva dry [Klein, citing Mahn] …   Etymology dictionary

  • anchovy — ► NOUN (pl. anchovies) ▪ a small fish of the herring family, with a strong flavour. ORIGIN Spanish and Portuguese anchova …   English terms dictionary

  • Anchovy — This article is about a fish. For the town in Jamaica, see Anchovy, Jamaica. Anchovies Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • anchovy — /an choh vee, cheuh , an choh vee/, n., pl. anchovies. any small, marine, herringlike fish of the family Engraulidae, esp. Engraulis encrasicholus, found in the Mediterranean Sea, often preserved in oil and used in salads, spreads, etc., or… …   Universalium

  • Anchovy — Original name in latin Anchovy Name in other language Anchovy, Anchovy Station State code JM Continent/City America/Jamaica longitude 18.4103 latitude 77.93166 altitude 214 Population 4161 Date 2012 01 16 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • anchovy — UK [ˈæntʃəvɪ] / US [ˈænˌtʃoʊvɪ] / US [ænˈtʃoʊvɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms anchovy : singular anchovy plural anchovies a type of small fish that tastes of salt and is often preserved in oil …   English dictionary

  • anchovy — n. (pl. ies) any of various small silvery fish of the herring family usu. preserved in salt and oil and having a strong taste. Phrases and idioms: anchovy pear a W. Indian fruit like a mango. anchovy toast toast spread with paste made from… …   Useful english dictionary

  • anchovy — noun Anchovy is used before these nouns: ↑fillet …   Collocations dictionary

  • anchovy — [16] English acquired anchovy from Spanish anchova (the word first turns up as an item on Falstaff’s bill at the Boar’s Head: ‘Anchovies and sack after supper … 2s 6d’, 1 Henry IV 1596), but before that its history is disputed. One school of… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

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