species
(singular and plural))
biologically, a group of populations of actually or potentially interbreeding organisms which are reproductively isolated (by behavior, ecology, morphology or physiology) from other such groups. Historically, a cohesive lineage of ancestral-descendent populations of organisms that maintains its identity from other such lineages. Taxonomically, the name of a category of organisms below the genus-group; an individual taxon of the category "species", e.g. Perca fluviatilis. Morphologically, the smallest group of animals that can always be separated (+95% of the specimens or all of the specimens) from other such groups by morphological characters (other than sex or individual genes) – does not include sibling species. A species is a subjective unit insofar as it is based on only a sample of the population and insofar as the point of separation where there is some overlap must be arbitrary. Abbreviated as sp. (singular) spp. (plural). A nominal species is a named species, objectively defined by its type-specimen

Dictionary of ichthyology. 2009.

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  • Species — Spe cies, n. sing. & pl. [L., a sight, outward appearance, shape, form, a particular sort, kind, or quality, a species. See {Spice}, n., and cf. {Specie}, {Special}.] 1. Visible or sensible presentation; appearance; a sensible percept received by …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Species — • In scholastic terminology, species is the necessary determinant of every cognitive process Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Species     Species      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Species — Título Species, Especie Mortal Ficha técnica Dirección Roger Donaldson Producción Dennis Feldman Frank Mancuso Jr …   Wikipedia Español

  • Species — (lat. „Anblick“, „Gestalt“, „Erscheinung“) ist: eine Spielfilm Reihe, bestehend aus: Species (Film) (1995) Species II (1998) Species III (2004) Species IV – Das Erwachen (2007) ein numismatischer Begriff, der z. B. im Speciesthaler vorkommt und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SPECIES — apud incertum Auctorem MS. in Periegesi Orbis rom. His similiter et Seleucie civitas optima, quae et ipsa omnia, quae veniunt, praedictae ANtiochiae offert, et Fiscales Species et Privatas vox est ICtis notissima, quibus idem sonat, quod… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • species — [spē′shēz, ] also [ spē′sēz] n. pl. species [L, a seeing, appearance, shape, kind, or quality < base of specere, to see: see SPY] 1. a distinct kind; sort; variety; class [a species of bravery] 2. Obs. outward form, appearance, or mental image …   English World dictionary

  • species — (n.) 1550s, a classification in logic, from L. species kind, sort, originally appearance, sight, a seeing, related to specere to look at, to see, behold, from PIE *spek (see SCOPE (Cf. scope) (1)). Biological sense is from c.1600. Endangered… …   Etymology dictionary

  • SPECIES —         (лат.) вид. Философский энциклопедический словарь. М.: Советская энциклопедия. Гл. редакция: Л. Ф. Ильичёв, П. Н. Федосеев, С. М. Ковалёв, В. Г. Панов. 1983. SPECIES …   Философская энциклопедия

  • Specĭes — (lat.), 1) Gestalt, Anblick, äußeres Ansehen, Beschaffenheit, Begriff; 2) einzelne Art (s.d. 3) als Unterabtheilung eines Geschlechts (s. Genus 3) od. einer Gattung (s.d. 2); 3) (Grundrechnungen, Grundoperationen), die vier allen übrigen zum… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • species — ► NOUN (pl. same) 1) Biology a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. 2) (before another noun ) denoting a plant belonging to a distinct species rather than to one of the many… …   English terms dictionary

  • species — См. Вид (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

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