Law of multiple proportion
Multiple Mul"ti*ple, a. [Cf. F. multiple, and E. quadruple, and multiply.] Containing more than once, or more than one; consisting of more than one; manifold; repeated many times; having several, or many, parts. [1913 Webster]

{Law of multiple proportion} (Chem.), the generalization that when the same elements unite in more than one proportion, forming two or more different compounds, the higher proportions of the elements in such compounds are simple multiples of the lowest proportion, or the proportions are connected by some simple common factor; thus, iron and oxygen unite in the proportions {FeO}, {Fe2O3}, {Fe3O4}, in which compounds, considering the oxygen, 3 and 4 are simple multiplies of 1. Called also the {Law of Dalton} or {Dalton's Law}, from its discoverer.

{Multiple algebra}, a branch of advanced mathematics that treats of operations upon units compounded of two or more unlike units.

{Multiple conjugation} (Biol.), a coalescence of many cells (as where an indefinite number of am[oe]boid cells flow together into a single mass) from which conjugation proper and even fertilization may have been evolved.

{Multiple fruits}. (Bot.) See {Collective fruit}, under {Collective}.

{Multiple star} (Astron.), several stars in close proximity, which appear to form a single system. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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• law of multiple proportion — Chem. the statement that where two elements can combine to form more than one compound, the ratio by weight of one element to a given weight of the second is usually a small whole number. * * * …   Universalium

• law of multiple proportion — Chem. the statement that where two elements can combine to form more than one compound, the ratio by weight of one element to a given weight of the second is usually a small whole number …   Useful english dictionary

• Dalton law of multiple proportion — Daltono kartotinių santykių dėsnis statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Dalton law of multiple proportion vok. Gesetz der mehrfachen Gewichts verhältnisse, n; Gesetz der mehrfachen verhältnisse, n; Gesetz der multiplen Proportionen, n rus …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

• law of multiple proportions — n a statement in chemistry: when two elements combine in more than one proportion to form two or more compounds the weights of one element that combine with a given weight of the other element are in the ratios of small whole numbers * * * when… …   Medical dictionary

• Law of multiple proportions — In chemistry, the law of multiple proportions is one of the basic laws and a major tool of chemical measurement (stoichiometry). It states that when elements combine they do so in a ratio of small whole numbers. For example, carbon and oxygen… …   Wikipedia

• law of multiple proportions — noun (chemistry) law stating that when two elements can combine to form more than one compound the amounts of one of them that combines with a fixed amount of the other will exhibit a simple multiple relation • Syn: ↑Dalton s law • Topics:… …   Useful english dictionary

• Law of Dalton — Multiple Mul ti*ple, a. [Cf. F. multiple, and E. quadruple, and multiply.] Containing more than once, or more than one; consisting of more than one; manifold; repeated many times; having several, or many, parts. [1913 Webster] {Law of multiple… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• Law of definite proportions — In chemistry, the law of definite proportions, sometimes called Proust s Law, states that a chemical compound always contains exactly the same proportion of elements by mass. An equivalent statement is the law of constant composition, which… …   Wikipedia

• law of nature — noun a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature (Freq. 3) the laws of thermodynamics • Syn: ↑law • Hypernyms: ↑concept, ↑conception, ↑construct • …   Useful english dictionary

• Multiple — Mul ti*ple, a. [Cf. F. multiple, and E. quadruple, and multiply.] Containing more than once, or more than one; consisting of more than one; manifold; repeated many times; having several, or many, parts. [1913 Webster] {Law of multiple proportion} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English